aspersions; yet that he never fully subjected his
own convictions to the educational lectures of the
general, and that he seemed at last willing to see
him laid aside; then immediately in a crisis restored
him to authority in spite of all opposition; and shortly
afterward, as if utterly weary of him, definitively
displaced him. Still, all these facts do not
show what Lincoln thought of McClellan. Many
motives besides his opinion of the man may have influenced
him. The pressure of political opinion and of
public feeling was very great, and might have turned
him far aside from the course he would have pursued
if it could have been neglected. Also other considerations
have been suggested as likely to have weighed with
him,—that McClellan could do with the army
what no other man could do, because of the intense
devotion of both officers and men to him; and that
an indignity offered to McClellan might swell the
dissatisfaction of the Northern Democracy to a point
at which it would seriously embarrass the administration.
These things may have counteracted, or may have corroborated,
Mr. Lincoln’s views concerning the man himself.
He was an extraordinary judge of men in their relationship
to affairs; moreover, of all the men of note of that
time he alone was wholly dispassionate and non-partisan.
Opinions tinctured with prejudices are countless; it
is disappointing that the one opinion that was free
from prejudice is unknown.
 The consolidation, and the assignment of Pope
to the command, bore date June 26, 1862.
 This campaign of General Pope has been the topic
of very bitter controversy and crimination. In
my brief account I have eschewed the view of Messrs.
Nicolay and Hay, who seem to me if I may say it, to
have written with the single-minded purpose of throwing
everybody’s blunders into the scale against
McClellan, and I have adopted the view of Mr. John
C. Ropes in his volume on The Army under Pope,
in the Campaigns of the Civil War Series. In
his writing it is impossible to detect personal prejudice,
for or against any one; and his account is so clear
and convincing that it must be accepted, whether one
likes his conclusions or not.
 Own Story, 466.
 Pope retained for a few days command of the army
in camp outside the defenses.
 McClure says: “I saw Lincoln many
times during the campaign of 1864, when McClellan
was his competitor for the presidency. I never
heard him speak of McClellan in any other than terms
of the highest personal respect and kindness.”
Lincoln and Men of War-Times, 207.
THE AUTUMN ELECTIONS OF 1862, AND THE PROCLAMATION OF EMANCIPATION