Lamon, 422.
 The majority report was supported by 15 slave States and 2 free States, casting 127 electoral votes; the minority report was supported by 15 free States, casting 176 electoral votes. N. and H. ii. 234.
 This action was soon afterward approved in a manifesto signed by Jefferson Davis, Toombs, Iverson, Slidell, Benjamin, Mason, and others. Ibid. 245.
 Greeley’s Amer. Conflict, i. 326.
 Ibid. i. 306, 307.
 Mr. Blaine says that Lincoln “was chosen in spite of expressions far more radical than those of Mr. Seward.” Twenty Years of Congress, i. 169.
 “In strong common sense, in sagacity and sound judgment, in rugged integrity of character, Mr. Hamlin has had no superior among public men.” Blaine, Twenty Years of Congress, i. 170.
 Lamon, 453.
 McClure adds, or rather mentions as the chief cause, Seward’s position on the public-school question in New York. Lincoln and Men of War-Times, 28, 29.
 “To the country at large he was an obscure, not to say an unknown man.” Life of W.L. Garrison, by his children, iii. 503.
 Life of W.L. Garrison, by his children, iii. 503.
 See remarks of McClure, Lincoln and Men of War-Times, 28, 29.
 See N. and H. ii. 284 n.
 See letter of May 17, 1859, to Dr. Canisius, Holland, 196; N. and H. ii. 181.
 Life of W.L. Garrison, by his children, iii. 502.
 This table is taken from Stanwood’s History of Presidential Elections.
 N. and H. iii. 146.
 The total popular vote was 4,680,193. Lincoln had 1,866,452. In North Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Tennessee, no vote was cast for the Lincoln ticket; in Virginia only 1929 voted it. Adding the total popular vote of all these States (except the 1929), we get 854,775; deducting this from the total popular vote leaves a balance of 3,825,418, of which one half is 1,912,709; so that even outside of the States of the Confederacy Lincoln did not get one half of the popular vote. South Carolina is not included in any calculation concerning the popular vote, because she chose electors by her legislature.
 Letter of Henry A. Wise of Virginia, May 28, 1858, quoted N. and H. ii. 302 n.