An Introductory Course of Quantitative Chemical Analysis eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 188 pages of information about An Introductory Course of Quantitative Chemical Analysis.
                      | ------- | -------
                      | 1.5075 | 1.5078
                      | |
 Cl in sample No. | 32.18% | 32.20%
                      | |
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STRENGTH OF REAGENTS

The concentrations given in this table are those suggested for use in the procedures described in the foregoing pages.  It is obvious, however, that an exact adherence to these quantities is not essential.

Approx.  Approx. 
Grams relation relation
per to normal to molal
liter. solution solution

Ammonium oxalate, (NH_{4})_{2}C_{2}O_{4}.H_{2}O 40 0.5N 0.25
Barium chloride, BaCl_{2}.2H_{2}O 25 0.2N 0.1
Magnesium ammonium chloride (of MgCl_{2}) 71 1.5N 0.75
Mercuric chloride, HgCl_{2} 45 0.33N 0.66
Potassium hydroxide, Koh (sp. gr. 1.27) 480
Potassium thiocyanate, KSCN 5 0.05N 0.55
Silver nitrate, AgNO_{3} 21 0.125N 0.125
Sodium hydroxide, NaOH 100 2.5N 2.5
Sodium carbonate.  Na_{2}Co_{3} 159 3N 1.5
Sodium phosphate, Na_{2}HPO_{4}.12H_{2}O 90 0.5N or 0.75N 0.25

Stannous chloride, SnCl_{2}, made by saturating hydrochloric acid (sp. gr. 1.2) with tin, diluting with an equal volume of water, and adding a slight excess of acid from time to time.  A strip of metallic tin is kept in the bottle.

A solution of ammonium molybdate is best prepared as follows:  Stir 100 grams of molybdic acid (MoO_{3}) into 400 cc. of cold, distilled water.  Add 80 cc. of concentrated ammonium hydroxide (sp. gr. 0.90).  Filter, and pour the filtrate slowly, with constant stirring, into a mixture of 400 cc. concentrated nitric acid (sp. gr. 1.42) and 600 cc. of water.  Add to the mixture about 0.05 gram of microcosmic salt.  Filter, after allowing the whole to stand for 24 hours.

The following data regarding the common acids and aqueous ammonia are based upon percentages given in the Standard Tables of the Manufacturing Chemists’ Association of the United States [!J.S.C.I.!, 24 (1905), 787-790].  All gravities are taken at 15.5 deg.C. and compared with water at the same temperature.

Aqueous ammonia (sp. gr. 0.96) contains 9.91 per cent NH_{3} by weight, and corresponds to a 5.6 N and 5.6 molal solution.

Aqueous ammonia (sp. gr. 0.90) contains 28.52 per cent NH_{3} by weight, and corresponds to a 5.6 N and 5.6 molal solution.

Hydrochloric acid (sp. gr. 1.12) contains 23.81 per cent HCl by weight, and corresponds to a 7.3 N and 7.3 molal solution.

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An Introductory Course of Quantitative Chemical Analysis from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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