Madame Bovary, 1857.
Emaux et Camees, 1852.
Les Fleurs du Mal, 1857.
LECONTE DE LISLE, 1818-94.
SULLY PRUDHOMME, 1839-1907.
Les Trophees, 1893.
The number of works dealing with the history and criticism of French literature is very large indeed. The following are the most useful reviews of the whole subject:—
PETIT DE JULLEVILLE. Histoire de la Langue et de la Litterature francaise (8 vols.).
LANSON. Histoire de la Litterature francaise (1 vol.).
BRUNETIERE. Manuel de l’histoire de la Litterature francaise (1 vol.).
DOWDEN. History of French Literature (1 vol.).
An excellent series of biographies of the principal authors, by the leading modern critics, is that of Les Grands Ecrivains Francais (published by Hachette).
The critical essays of Sainte-Beuve are particularly valuable. They are contained in his Causeries du Lundi, Premiers Lundis, Nouveaux Lundis, Portraits de Femmes, Portraits Litteraires, and Portraits Contemporains.
Some interesting criticisms of modern writers are
to be found in La Vie
Litteraire, by Anatole France.
Editions of the principal authors are very numerous. The monumental series of Les Grands Ecrivains de la France (Hachette) contains complete texts of most of the great writers, with elaborate and scholarly commentaries of the highest value. Cheaper editions of the masterpieces of the language are published by Hachette, La Bibliotheque Nationale, Jean Gillequin, Nelson, Dent, Gowans & Gray.
There are also numerous lyrical anthologies, of which two of the best are Les Chefs-d’oeuvre de la Poesie lyrique francaise (Gowans & Gray) and The Oxford Book of French Verse (Clarendon Press). But it must be remembered that the greater part of what is most characteristic in French literature appears in its poetic drama and its prose, and is therefore necessarily excluded from such collections.
Academy, the French, 34-36
Arnold, Matthew, 64
Aucassin et Nicolete, 11-12, 13
Austen, Jane, 161