Cape Breton and its Memorials of the French Regime ("Trans. Roy. Soc. Can.,” vol. IX, and in separate form, Montreal, 1891) by J.G. Bourinot, gives a full bibliography of voyages of Northmen, the Cabots, Carrier, and Champlain, and of the Histories of the Seven Years’ War. The same remarks apply to Winsor’s Narrative and Critical History of America (Boston, 1886—89). The “Trans. Roy. Soc. Can.,” since 1894, have several important papers by Archbishop O’Brien, Dr. S.E. Dawson, and others on the Cabot discovery.
British rule, 1760-1900:—Garneau’s History, already mentioned, gives the French Canadian view of the political situation from 1760 until 1840; William Kingsford’s History of Canada (Toronto, 1887-1898) has a fairly accurate account of events from 1760 until 1840, in vols. V-X; A History of Lower Canada, by R. Christie, a member of the assembly of the province (Quebec, 1848-1854) is very useful for copies of public documents from 1774 until 1840.
The most important accounts of the U.E. Loyalists of the American Revolution by writers in the United States are:—L. Sabine’s Loyalists (Boston, 1864), and Tyler’s Literary History of the American Revolution (New York, 1897). Canadian accounts are to be found in Egerton Ryerson’s Loyalists of America (Toronto, 1880)—remarkably prosaic—and Canniff’s History of Upper Canada (Toronto, 1872). Consult also articles of J.G. Bourinot in the Quarterly Review for October, 1898, and the Canadian Magazine for April, 1898, in which names of prominent Canadian descendants of Loyalists are given.
Kingsford’s History, vol. VIII, has the best Canadian account of the War of 1812-15. The most impartial American record of its causes and progress is Henry Adams’s History of the United States of America (New York, 1860), vols VI and VII.
Garneau’s History gives the most favourable estimate of Papineau and his party, who brought about the Rebellion in Lower Canada. Kingsford (vols. IX and X) writes impartially on the risings in the two Canadas.
Other works to be consulted are:—Lord Durham’s Report on the Affairs of British North America (London, 1839); Life of W. Lyon Mackenzie, by Charles Lindsey, his son-in-law (Toronto, 1863); The Upper Canadian Rebellion, by J. Charles Dent (Toronto, 1885). The Speeches and Letters of the Hon. Joseph Howe (Boston, 1858) contain the ablest expositions of the principles of responsible government by its greatest advocate in British North America. See also Campbell’s History of Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown, 1875). New Brunswick has not a single good history. The Life and Times of Sir Leonard Tilley, by James Hannay (St. John, N.B. 1897), can be read with advantage. See Prof. Ganong’s valuable essays on the early history of New Brunswick in “Trans. Roy. Soc. Can,” New Series, vols. I—v. Rev. Dr. Withrow’s History of Canada (Toronto, 1888) has chapters on affairs of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, to date of publication.