COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE MAIN PROVISIONS
THE CONSTITUTIONS OF THE DOMINION OF CANADA
AND THE AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH.
CANADA. AUSTRALIA. | Name. Name The Dominion of Canada The Commonwealth of Australia.
How Constituted. How Constituted Of provinces. Of states.
Seat of Government. Seat of Government
At Ottawa until the Queen Within federal territory in
otherwise directs. New South Wales, at least 100
miles from Sydney
Executive Power. Executive Power Vested in the Queen. Vested in the Queen. Queen’s representative, a Queen’s representative, a governor-general, appointed by governor-general, appointed by the Queen in council. the Queen in council.
Salary of governor-general Not less than L10,000 paid L10,000 sterling, paid by Dominion by the commonwealth, fixed by government, alterable by parliament from time to time, the parliament of Canada, but not diminished during tenure of subject to the disallowance of a governor-general. the crown, as in 1868, when parliament passed a bill to reduce this salary.
Ministers called by governor-general Same—only for “privy
to form a cabinet, first councillors” read “executive
sworn in as privy councillors, councillors”
hold office while they have the
confidence of the popular house
of parliament, in accordance with
the conventions, understandings,
and maxims of responsible or
Privy councillors hold, as the Executive councillors administer crown may designate, certain such departments as departments of state, not limited governor-general from time to in name or number, but left to time establishes. Until other the discretionary action of provision is made by parliament, parliament. Such heads of number of such officers, who departments must seek a new may sit in parliament, shall not election on accepting these exceed seven. office of emolument.
Command of Military and Command of Military and Naval Forces_ Naval Forces_ Vested in the Queen. In the Queen’s representative.