The following were the prices of various articles, as they were sold at Sydney about the time the ships sailed, viz
Stock Groceries ----- --------- Cows L80 Hyson tea per lb L1 4s Horses L90 Coffee, ditto, 2s Sheep L7 10s Sugar (soft), ditto, 1s Goats L4 Soap, ditto, 2s Turkeys L1 1s Virginia leaf-tobacco, ditto, 5s Geese L1 1s Brazil roll, ditto, 7s Fowls, full grown, 5s Black pepper, ditto, 4s Ducks 5s Ginger, ditto, 3s Fresh pork per lb 1s 3d Pipes per gross L1 10s Mutton 2s WINE AND SPIRITS Goat per lb 1s 6d Red port per bottle 5s Kangaroo 6d Madeira, per bottle, 4s Barley, per bushel, 10s Cape wine, ditto, 3s Peas, ditto, 7s Rum, ditto, 5s Maize, ditto, 5s Gin, ditto, 6s Ditto ground, ditto, 5s Porter, ditto, 2s Cheese per lb 3s Beer made at Sydney 1s 6d Butter, ditto, 3s INDIA GOODS White-wine vinegar per gallon 6s Long cloth per yard from 3s to 6s Fish 21/2d Callicoes, ditto, from 1s 6d to 2s 6d Eggs per dozen 2s Muslins, ditto, from 7s to 12s Salted pork per lb 1s Nankeen per piece 10s Salted beef, ditto, 8d Coarse printed callicoes, ditto, L1 5s Potatoes per cwt 12s Silk handkerchiefs, ditto, 12s Ditto per lb 3d ENGLISH GOODS Flour, ditto, 71/2d Black hats from 15s to L2 Wheat-meal, sifted, 41/2d Shoes per pair from 9s to 13s Ditto, unsifted, 31/2d Cotton Stockings from 6s to 12s Wheat per bushel 12s Writing paper per quire 6s
The beer mentioned in the preceding account as being made at Sydney was brewed from Indian corn, properly malted, and bittered with the leaves and stalks of the love-apple, (Lycopersicum, a species of Solarium) or, as it was more commonly called in the settlement, the Cape gooseberry. Mr. Boston found this succeeded so well, that he erected at some expense a building proper for the business, and was, when the ships sailed, engaged in brewing beer from the abovementioned materials, and in making soap.
At this time the following prices were demanded and paid for labour and work done at Sydney and the different settlements, viz. L. s. d.
A carpenter for a day’s work 0
A labourer for a day’s work 0 3 0
For clearing an acre of ground 3 0 0
For breaking up an acre of ground 1 0 0
For threshing a bushel of wheat 0 1 6
For reaping an acre of wheat 0 10 0
For felling an acre of timber 0 17 0
The price of ground was from 12s to L1 an acre
For making a pair of men’s shoes 0 3 6
For making a pair of women’s shoes 0 3 0
For making a coat 0 6 0
For making a gown 0 5 0