He had been always addicted to the use of spirituous
liquors; but he now applied himself more closely to
them, to drown the recollection of his disgrace.
In this vice he continued until the 3rd of May last,
on which day he came to Sydney in a state of insanity.
He went to the house of a friend in the town, determined,
as it seemed, to destroy himself, for he there drank,
unknown to the people of the house, as fast as he could
swallow, nearly half a gallon of Cape brandy.
He fell directly upon the floor of the room he was
in (which happened to be of brick); where the people,
thinking nothing worse than intoxication ailed him,
suffered him to lie for ten or twelve hours; in consequence
he was seized with a violent inflammation which broke
out on the arm, and that part of the body which lay
next the ground; to this, after suppuration had taken
place, and several operations had been performed to
extract the pus, a mortification succeeded, and at
last carried him off on the 3rd of July. A few
hours before his death he requested to see the ludge-advocate,
to whom he declared, that it had been told him that
he had been suspected of having improperly and tyrannically
abused the confidence which he had enjoyed under Governor
Phillip; but that he could safely declare as he was
shortly to appear before the last tribunal, that nothing
lay on his conscience which could make his last moments
in this life painful. At his own request he was
interred in the burying ground at Parramatta.
He had been advancing his means pretty rapidly; for,
after his decease, his stock of goats, consisting
of eighty-six males and females, sold by public auction
for three hundred and fifty-seven pounds fifteen shillings.
He left a widow (formerly Catharine Hounson) who had
for several years been deranged in her intellects.
In addition to the superintendant, there died in this
month a woman, Jane Forbes, the wife of Butler, a
settler at Prospect Hill, who fell into the fire while
preparing their breakfast, and received such injury
that she shortly after expired.
August.] From the scantiness of salted provisions,
the article salt was become as scarce. There
came out in the Surprise, as a settler, a person
of the name of Boston. Among other useful knowledge*
which we were given to understand he possessed, he
at this time offered his skill in making salt from
sea-water. As it was much wanted, his offers were
accepted, and, an eligible spot at Bennillong’s
Point (as the east point of the cove had long been
named) being chosen, he began his operations, for
which he had seven men allowed him, whose labour, however,
only produced three or four bushels of salt in more
than as many weeks.
[* Having been sent out by government to supply us
with salted fish, he had some time before offered
to procure and salt fish for the settlement; but he
required boats and men, and more assistance than it
was possible to supply. He proposed to try Broken