The American Indian as Participant in the Civil War eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 459 pages of information about The American Indian as Participant in the Civil War.

[Footnote 386:  On the subject of grazing, see Britton, Civil War on the Border, vol. i, 308.]

[Footnote 387:  Salomon to Blunt, July 29, 1862, Official Records, vol. xiii, 521.]

[Footnote 388:  H.S.  Lane called Stanton’s attention to the matter, however, Ibid., 485.]

[Footnote 389:  Blunt to Salomon, August 3, 1862, Ibid., 531-532.]

[Footnote 390:  He acquiesced as, perforce, he had to do but he was very far from approving.]

[Footnote 391:  In November, Dole reported to Smith that Salomon’s retrograde movement had caused about fifteen hundred or two thousand additional refugees to flee into Kansas.  Dole urged that the Indian Expedition should be reenforced and strengthened [Indian Office Report Book, no. 12, 503-504].]


The retrograde movement of Colonel Salomon and the white auxiliary of the Indian Expedition was peculiarly unfortunate and ill-timed since, owing to circumstances now to be related in detail, the Confederates had really no forces at hand at all adequate to repel invasion.  On the thirty-first of May, as earlier narrated in this work, General Hindman had written to General Pike instructing him to move his entire infantry force of whites and Woodruff’s single six-gun battery to Little Rock without delay.  In doing this, he admitted that, while it was regrettable that Pike’s force in Indian Territory should be reduced, it was imperative that Arkansas should be protected, her danger being imminent.  He further ordered, that Pike should supply the command to be sent forward with subsistence for thirty days, should have the ammunition transported in wagons, and should issue orders that not a single cartridge be used on the journey.[392]

To one of Pike’s proud spirit, such orders could be nothing short of galling.  He had collected his force and everything he possessed appertaining to it at the cost of much patience, much labor, much expense.  Untiring vigilance had alone made possible the formation of his brigade and an unselfish willingness to advance his own funds had alone furnished it with quartermaster and commissary stores.  McCulloch and Van

[Footnote 392:  Official Records, vol. xiii, 934.]

Dorn[393] each in turn had diverted his supplies from their destined course, yet he had borne with it all, uncomplainingly.  He had even broken faith with the Indian nations at Van Dorn’s instance; for, contrary to the express terms of the treaties that he had negotiated, he had taken the red men across the border, without their express consent, to fight in the Pea Ridge campaign.  And with what result?  Base ingratitude on the part of Van Dorn, who, in his official report of the three day engagement, ignored the help rendered[394] and left Pike to bear the stigma[395] of Indian atrocities alone.

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The American Indian as Participant in the Civil War from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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