The American Indian as Participant in the Civil War eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 459 pages of information about The American Indian as Participant in the Civil War.

[Footnote 5:—­Ibid., vol. viii, 734.]

[Footnote 6:  It is doubtful if even this ought to be conceded in view of the fact that President Davis later admitted that Van Dorn entered upon the Pea Ridge campaign for the sole purpose of effecting “a diversion in behalf of General Johnston” [Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, vol. ii, 51].  Moreover, Van Dorn had scarcely been assigned to the command of the Trans-Mississippi District before Beauregard was devising plans for bringing him east again [Greene, The Mississippi, ii; Roman, Military Operations of General Beauregard, vol. i, 240-244].]

[Footnote 7:  Abel, American Indian as Slaveholder and Secessionist, 225-226 and footnote 522.]

appointment to the Confederate command, was the expectation that he would secure the Indian Territory.  Obviously, the best way to do that was to occupy it, provided the tribes, whose domicile it was, were willing.  But, if the Cherokees can be taken to have voiced the opinion of all, they were not willing, notwithstanding that a sensationally reported[8] Federal activity under Colonel James Montgomery,[9] in the neighborhood of the frontier posts, Cobb, Arbuckle, and Washita, was designed to alarm them and had notably influenced, if it had not actually inspired, the selection and appointment of the Texan ranger.[10]

Unable, by reason of the Cherokee objection thereto, to enter the Indian country; because entrance in the face of that objection would inevitably force the Ross faction of the Cherokees and, possibly also, Indians of other tribes into the arms of the Union, McCulloch intrenched himself on its northeast border, in Arkansas, and there awaited a more favorable opportunity for accomplishing his main purpose.  He seems to have desired the Confederate government to add the contiguous portion of Arkansas to his command, but in that he was disappointed.[11] Nevertheless, Arkansas early interpreted his presence in the state to imply that he was there primarily for her defence and, by the middle of June, that idea had so far gained general acceptance that C.C.  Danley, speaking for the Arkansas Military Board, urged President Davis “to meet

[Footnote 8:  Official Records, vol. liii, supplement, 679.]

[Footnote 9:  The name of Montgomery was not one for even Indians to conjure with.  James Montgomery was the most notorious of bushwhackers.  For an account of some of his earlier adventures, see Spring, Kansas, 241, 247-250, and for a characterization of the man himself, Robinson, Kansas Conflict, 435.]

[Footnote 10:  Official Records, vol. liii, supplement, 682.]

[Footnote 11:  Snead, Fight for Missouri, 229-230.]

the exigent necessities of the State” by sending a second general officer there, who should command in the northeastern part.[12]

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The American Indian as Participant in the Civil War from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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