of the natives of this part of the town are fishermen,
and not less effectually distinguished from the citizens
of Dieppe by their name of Poltese, taken from their
place of residence, than by the difference in their
dress and language, the simplicity of their manners,
and the narrow extent of their acquirements.
To the present hour they continue to preserve the
same costume as in the XVIth century; wearing trowsers
covered with wide short petticoats, which open in the
middle to afford room for the legs to move, and woollen
waistcoats laced in the front with ribands, and tucked
below into the waistband of their trowsers. Over
these waistcoats is a close coat, without buttons or
fastenings of any kind, which falls so low as to hide
their petticoats and extend a foot or more beyond
them. These articles of apparel are usually of
cloth or serge of a uniform color, and either red
or blue; for they interdict every other variation,
except that all the seams of their dress are faced
with white silk galloon, full an inch in width.
To complete the whole, instead of hats, they have
on their heads caps of velvet or colored cloth, forming
of attire, which is evidently
ancient, but far from unpicturesque or displeasing.
Thus clad, the Poltese, though in the midst of the
kingdom, have the appearance of a distinct and foreign
colony; whilst, occupied incessantly in fishing, they
have remained equally strangers to the civilization
and politeness, which the progress of letters during
the last two centuries has diffused over France.
Nay, scarcely are they acquainted with four hundred
words of the French language; and these they pronounce
with an idiom exclusively their own, adding to each
an oath, by way of epithet; a habit so inveterate
with them, that even at confession, at the moment
of seeking absolution for the practice, it is no uncommon
thing with them to swear
they will be guilty
of it no more. To balance, however, this defect,
their morals are uncorrupted, their fidelity is exemplary,
and they are laborious and charitable, and zealous
for the honor of their country, in whose cause they
often bleed, as well as for their priests, in defence
of whom they once threatened to throw the Archbishop
of Rouen into the river, and were well nigh executing
 The chalk in the cliff, in the immediate vicinity
of Dieppe, is divided at intervals of about two feet
each by narrow strata of flint, generally horizontal,
and composed in some cases of separate nodules, which
are not uncommonly split, in others of a continuous
compressed mass, about two or three inches thick and
of very uncertain extent, but the strata are not regular.
 Goube Histoire de Normandie, III. p. 188.—In
Cadet Gassicourt Lettres sur Normandie, I.
p. 68, the story of Bouzard is given still more at
 Histoire de Dieppe, II. p. 56.
[Illustration: Entrance to the Castle at Dieppe]