A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels — Volume 04 eBook

Robert Kerr (writer)
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 656 pages of information about A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels Volume 04.

[10] The rank of serjeant major in the Spanish service appears to answer
    to our adjutant, as applied to a battalion:  On the present occasion
    Carvajal may be considered as adjutant general under Vaca de Castro. 
    Maestre de Campo seems equivalent to Major-General.—­E.

[11] Garcilasso, himself a mestee, says that Don Diego was the bravest
    Mestizo, or son of a Spaniard by an Indian woman, that ever the New
    World produced.—­E.

[12] According to Garcilasso, of 1500 combatants, including both sides,
    500 men were slain, and about an equal number wounded; the royalists
    having 500 killed and 400 wounded, while the rebels had only 200 slain
    and 100 wounded.  In this estimate he has surely made a material error,
    as he makes the killed and wounded of the royalists equal to the whole
    number thay had in the field.—­E.

[13] At this place, a naked list of a great number of names of those who
    signalized themselves in the battle, are enumerated by Zarate, but
    omitted here as altogether uninteresting.—­E.

[14] This appears to countenance the account of Garcilasso in a former
    note, who probably quoted from Zarate; but the latter does not limit
    this number to the royal troops.—­E.

[15] Obviously a misunderstood description of alligators.  Indeed the whole
    account of this country, now called Colona, seems to have been derived
    from the reports of Indians, and is in many circumstances entirely
    fabulous, as is well known from the more recent accounts of the Jesuit
    missions.—­E.

[16] Carabaya is an elevated valley of considerable extent, to the south
    east of Cuzco.  A mark of gold or eight ounces is worth about L.32;
    hence we may readily believe so rich a days work was seldom made.—­E.

SECTION II.

Commencement of the Viceroyalty of Blasco Nunnez Vela, and renewal of the civil war in Peru by the usurpation of Gonzalo Pizarro.

At this period, some of the clergy who had been in the New World, represented to the Emperor Don Carlos and the lords of his council, that the Spaniards treated the natives in the conquered provinces of America with extreme cruelty, depriving them of all their property by excessive exactions, forcing them to labour in the mines and to dive for pearls beyond their strength, obliging them to carry heavy burdens in long journeys, and frequently subjecting them to arbitrary punishments, and even wantonly putting them to death; insomuch that their numbers were fast diminishing, and that in a short time they would be entirely extirpated from Mexico and Peru and the other continental dominions of Spain in America, as was already the case in the islands of Cuba, Hispaniola, Porto Rico, Jamaica, and others, where hardly any trace remained of the

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