Vaca de Castro remained above eighteen months in Cuzco after the departure of these various expeditions, employing himself in making a distribution of the unoccupied lands and Indians, and settling the whole country in good order, issuing likewise many useful regulations for the protection and preservation of the Indians. In that period the richest gold mine ever heard of in our days was discovered near Cuzco in a river named Carabaya, where a single Indian is able to gather to the extent of a mark in one day. The whole country being now perfectly tranquil, and the Indians protected from those excessive toils to which they had been subjected during the civil war, Gonzalo Pizarro was permitted to come to Cuzco, and after a few days went thence to Las Charcas, where he employed himself in taking care of the extensive estate which he possessed in that country. He there remained in quiet, till the arrival of the viceroy, Blasco Nunnez Vela in Peru, as shall be related in the sequel.
 This chapter is merely a continuation of the history
of the discovery
and conquest of Peru, by Zarate: but we have thought proper to divide
it in this manner, separating the transactions which took place during
the life of Francisco Pizarro, from those which occurred after his
 Il les fit prenare, are the words of the
prendre may possibly be an error of the press on this occasion for
pendre; in which case those officers of the late marquis were
ordered to be hanged; and indeed they do not appear in the
 There must have been two persons in Peru of this
name and surname, as
we have already seen one Francisco de Chaves killed on the same day
with the marquis.—E.
 This officer was father to the historian of the same name.—E.
 It was now the year 1542.—E.
 As Zarate introduces Vaca de Castro into the history
of Peru without
any previous notice of his appointment, it has been deemed proper to
give a short account of his commission from Robertsons History of
America, II. 339, which, being too long for a note, is distinguished
in the text by inverted commas—E.
 The remainder of the circumstances relative to
de Castro, here quoted,
are to be found in Robertson II. 353.; the other events in the history
of Peru having been already given from Zarate.—E.
 We now return to the narrative of Zarate.—E.
 Garcilasso says, that on this occasion, the Inca
Manca Capac, who had
retired to the mountains, in remembrance of the friendship which had
subsisted between him and the elder Almagro, provided Don Diego with
large quantities of armour, swords and saddles, which had been
formerly taken from the Spaniards, sufficient to arm two hundred