A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels — Volume 04 eBook

Robert Kerr (writer)
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 764 pages of information about A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels — Volume 04.
was restored to the country, Ferdinand Pizarro set out for Spain to give an account to the emperor of all the transactions which had taken place in Peru, though many advised him not to run the risk of that measure until it was known what judgment might be formed at court respecting the death of Almagro.  Before his departure, Ferdinand strongly advised his brother the marquis to put no trust in those who had adhered to the service of Almagro in the late troubles, who were usually denominated the Chilese, and particularly that he ought to keep them at a distance from each other, being well assured that if even eight or ten of them were permitted to dwell in one neighbourhood, that they would form conspiracies against his life.

[1] Though not mentioned directly in the text, it appears that Almagro
    knew of and intended to conquer the country of Chili, and that he
    chose to march by the high country of Peru, through the great
    elevated valley of the lake Titicaca, probably the highest inhabited
    land of South America.  His object was in all probability to avoid
    the extensive desert of Atacama, which divides the plain of Peru
    from Chili.—­E.

[2] From the desert of Atacama in lat 25 deg.  S. to the island of Chiloe in
    about lat. 42 deg.  S. Chili Proper, between the Pacific ocean and the
    western ridge of the Andes, stretches about 1100 English miles nearly
    north and south by an average breadth of about 140 miles.—­E.

[3] Valparayso stands nearly in the latitude indicated by the text. 
    Valdivia, taking its name from that commander, is in
    lat. 30 deg.40’ S.—­E.

[4] Zarate is extremely remiss in regard to dates, and not a little
    confused in the arrangement of his narrative.  We learn from Robertson,
    II. 325, that Ferdinand Pizarro returned to Peru in 1536.—­E.

[5] According to Robertson, II. 326, the place where the festival was to
    be celebrated was only at a few leagues distance from Cuzco. 
    Garcilasso says that it was a garden belonging to the Incas only a
    league from the city.—­E.

[6] The return of Almagro to Cuzco was in the year 1537.—­E.

[7] Garcilasso names this prince Paullu Inca.—­E.

[8] Named Atavillos by Garcilasso de la Vega.—­E.

[9] The arrangement of Zarate is extremely faulty and confused, as he here
    recounts circumstances which preceeded the return of Almagro to Cuzco. 
    We are here giving a translation of a original document; not
    endeavouring to write a history of the Conquest of Peru, and have not
    therefore authority to alter the arrangement of our author.—­E.

[10] Garcilasso names the Peruvian general Titu Yupanqui.  The remainder of
    the sentence, respecting the brother of the Inca and Gaete, is quite
    unintelligible.  I suspect it has been misunderstood by the French
    translator and ought to stand thus:  “The commander of these Peruvians
    was Titu Yupanqui, a brother of the Inca, and the same person who had
    driven Gaete and others to take refuge in Lima.”—­E.

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