Though not mentioned directly in the text, it
appears that Almagro
knew of and intended to conquer the country of Chili, and that he
chose to march by the high country of Peru, through the great
elevated valley of the lake Titicaca, probably the highest inhabited
land of South America. His object was in all probability to avoid
the extensive desert of Atacama, which divides the plain of Peru
 From the desert of Atacama in lat 25 deg.
S. to the island of Chiloe in
about lat. 42 deg. S. Chili Proper, between the Pacific ocean and the
western ridge of the Andes, stretches about 1100 English miles nearly
north and south by an average breadth of about 140 miles.—E.
 Valparayso stands nearly in the latitude indicated
by the text.
Valdivia, taking its name from that commander, is in
lat. 30 deg.40’ S.—E.
 Zarate is extremely remiss in regard to dates,
and not a little
confused in the arrangement of his narrative. We learn from Robertson,
II. 325, that Ferdinand Pizarro returned to Peru in 1536.—E.
 According to Robertson, II. 326, the place where
the festival was to
be celebrated was only at a few leagues distance from Cuzco.
Garcilasso says that it was a garden belonging to the Incas only a
league from the city.—E.
 The return of Almagro to Cuzco was in the year 1537.—E.
 Garcilasso names this prince Paullu Inca.—E.
 Named Atavillos by Garcilasso de la Vega.—E.
 The arrangement of Zarate is extremely faulty
and confused, as he here
recounts circumstances which preceeded the return of Almagro to Cuzco.
We are here giving a translation of a original document; not
endeavouring to write a history of the Conquest of Peru, and have not
therefore authority to alter the arrangement of our author.—E.
 Garcilasso names the Peruvian general Titu Yupanqui.
The remainder of
the sentence, respecting the brother of the Inca and Gaete, is quite
unintelligible. I suspect it has been misunderstood by the French
translator and ought to stand thus: “The commander of these Peruvians
was Titu Yupanqui, a brother of the Inca, and the same person who had
driven Gaete and others to take refuge in Lima.”—E.