Perhaps that now called Xibarros, in the south
of the kingdom of
 According to Garcilosso, Pizarro made an additional
free gift to
Alvarado of 20,000 gold pesos to defray the expence of his voyage back
to his government, with emeralds and turquoises to a considerable
value, and several articles of gold plate for the use of his table.—E.
 Lima or Los Reyes is built on the banks of a
river named Rimac or
Limac by the Peruvians, whence its ordinary name of Lima. It is about
ten miles from the sea, having a port named Callao at the mouth of the
river. This city got the name of the City of the Kings; either from
its foundation being laid on the 18th of January 1535, on the festival
of the three kings; or in honour of Juana and Carlos, joint
sovereigns of Castile.—E.
Occurrences from the departure of Almagro for Chili, to his capture by Pizarro, being the first part of the civil wars in Peru.
Inconsequence of the agreement between Pizarro and Almagro, which was ratified on the 12th of June 1535, Almagro soon afterwards set out upon the proposed discovery and conquest at the head of five hundred and seventy men, partly cavalry and part infantry; for so great were the hopes of acquiring riches in this expedition, that several who had already acquired establishments in Peru, abandoned their houses, lands, and Indians, to follow the fortunes of Almagro. Juan, de Saavedra was sent on before the main body of the army with a detachment of a hundred men; and, in the course of his march through that province which has since been called Los Charcas, he met with some Indians on their road from Chili to Peru, who were going to pay their homage to the Inca. Almagro having along with him a body of two hundred men, both horse and foot, made a march of two hundred and fifty leagues, reducing the whole country in his way, till he arrived in the district of the Chichas, where he learnt that he was followed by a body of fifty Spaniards commanded by Niguerol de Ulloa. Almagro commanded that party to join him, and continued his march towards Chili, which is 350 leagues beyond the province, of Chichas, reducing all the tribes on his route to submission. Almagro halted at this place with half his troops, and sent on the rest under Gomez de Aivarado, who proceeded sixty leagues farther; but was forced to return to Almagro, in consequence of the severity of the weather.