Robertson, II. 299, suppresses all mention of
any hostile intentions
on the part of Atahualpa.—E.
 Robertson, note cxxx, justly observes, that the
absurd discourse of Valverde, of which that given by Zarate in the
text is an epitome, is merely a translation or paraphrase of a form,
concerted in 1509 by a junto of Spanish lawyers and divines, for
directing the office employed in the New World how to take possession
of any new country.—E.
 In this engagement, or massacre rather, according
to one Spanish
writer 2000 Peruvians were slain, while another author swells the
number to six or seven thousand, and a third says five thousand. Of
the Spaniards not one was even hurt except the general Pizarro, who
was wounded in the hand by one of his own soldiers.—Roberts. Hist. of
America. II. 302. and note cxxxi.
 Considerable even as this sum appears, it seems
too small for the
sovereign of so vast an empire which abounded so much in gold; yet we
have no means of correcting the amount. Garcilasso however mentions
one piece of goid plate found in the baths of Atahualpa after the
battle worth 100,000 ducats; but his work is so strange a farrago of
confusion and absurdity as to bear very little authority.—E.
 The omission of the length and breadth of this
room by Zarate, is
supplied by Robertson, ii. 503, from the other original Spanish
authors, who say the room was 22 feet long by 16 feet broad. The reach
of Atahualpa could not be less than. 7-1/2 feet, 2640 cubic feet of
gold, even heaped up of hollow vessels, must have produced a most
astonishing value of that precious metal; but there are no data on
which to calculate the numerical value of this imperial ransom, which
the Spaniards certainly meant to accept, but would never have
fulfilled the alternative.—E.
 The sum in the text is quite vaguely expressed;
perhaps pieces of
eight reals, or dollars.—E.
 At 17-1/2 leagues to the degree, this government
accorded to Pizarro,
would have reached from about Tacames to the lat. of 11 deg. 25’ S.
whereas the kingdom of Peru extends to lat. 21 deg. 35’ S. and its most
valuable and richest provinces would have fallen to the share of
 This expression is entirely vague, and does not
even say which
governor is meant. We shall see afterwards that this project of
Almagro to appropriate the southern part of Peru took place at a
subsequent period, and involved the recent conquest in long and
destructive civil wars.—E.