Agaricus bulbosus. -------- necator. -------- mamosus. -------- piperitus. -------- campanulatus. -------- muscarius.
These are kown to be poisonous. But the fungi should all be used with great caution; for I believe even the Champignon and Edible mushroom to possess deleterious qualities when grown in certain places.
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The foregoing lists of poisonous plants are most of them of less dangerous tendency to cattle than to the human species: for although many of them may be mistaken for wholesome, yet, when they are growing wild, it will be observed, that the discriminating powers of the brute creation in this point are so correct, that very few have been known to be eaten by them.
The following are a few of a different class, which, as not containing any thing particularly disagreeable to the taste of cattle, are frequently eaten by them to their injury.
The agricultural student should make himself perfectly acquainted with those.
652. CICUTA virosa. Cowbane.—Linnaeus observes, that cattle have died in consequence of eating the roots. It is fortunate that this plant is not very plentiful: it is poisonous to all kinds of cattle except goats. The flower of this plant is not unlike that of water-parsneps, which cows at some seasons will eat great quantities of.
653. Bear’s garlick. Allium ursinum.
654. Crow garlick. Allium vineale.
These plants very frequently occur in meadow-land, and have property of giving a strong garlick flavour to the milk yielded by cows that feed there; and which is often also communicated to the butter.
655. Darnell grass. Lolium temulentum.—This grass has the faculty of causing poultry or birds to become intoxicated, and so much so that it causes their death.
656. Lousewort. Pedicularis palustris.—This plant, which abounds in wet meadows, is said to produce a lousy disease in cows if they eat of it.
657. Mayweed. Anthemis cotula.—This is altogether of such an acrid nature, that the hands of persons employed in weeding crops and reaping, are often so blistered and corroded as to prevent their working. It also has been known to blister the mouths and nostrils of cattle when feeding where it grows.
658. Colchicum autumnale. Meadow-saffron.—This is a common plant in pasture-land in Worcestershire, Herefordshire, and other counties. Many are the instances that have occurred of the bad effects of it to cattle. I have this last autumn known several cows that died in consequence of eating this plant.
659. Melilot. Trifolium officinale.—This plant when eaten by cows communicates a disagreeable taste to milk and butter.