The Making of Religion eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 426 pages of information about The Making of Religion.

[Footnote 13:  ‘Macleod shall return, but Macrimmon shall never!’]

[Footnote 14:  See Ribot, Les Maladies de la Personnalite,; Bourru et Burot, Variations de la Personnalite; Janet, L’Automatisme Psychologique; James, Principles of Psychology; Myers, in Proceedings of S.P.R., ‘The Mechanism of Genius,’ ‘The Subliminal Self.’]

[Footnote 15:  Prim.  Cult. ii. 133.]

[Footnote 16:  Doolittle’s Chinese, i. 143; ii. 110, 320.]

[Footnote 17:  Proceedings, S.P.R., pt. xxxiii.]

[Footnote 18:  Proceedings, S.P.R., vi. 436-650; viii. 1-167; xiii. 284-582].

[Footnote 19:  The Will to Believe, p. 814.]

[Footnote 20:  Figaro, January 14, 1895.]

[Footnote 21:  Proceedings, vi. 605, 606.]

[Footnote 22:  Proceedings, S.P.R, part xxxiii. vol. xiii.]

[Footnote 23:  Op. cit. part xxxiii. p. 406.]

[Footnote 24:  See ‘Fetishism.’  Compare Callaway, p. 328.]

[Footnote 25:  Callaway, pp. 361-374.]

[Footnote 26:  Cock Lane and Common Sense, p. 66.]

[Footnote 27:  Brough Smyth, i. 475.  This point is disputed, but I did not invent it, and a case appears in Mr. Curr’s work on the natives.]

[Footnote 28:  Prim.  Cult. i. 152.]

[Footnote 29:  Eusebius, Prap.  Evang. v. 9.]

[Footnote 30:  Brough Smyth, i. 100, 113.]

[Footnote 31:  Kirk, Secret Commonwealth 1691.]

[Footnote 32:  Crantz, p. 209.]

[Footnote 33:  Pere Arnaud, in Hind’s Labrador, ii. 102.]

[Footnote 34:  Major Swan, 1791, official letter on the Creek Indians, Schoolcraft, v. 270.]

[Footnote 35:  Crantz, p. 237.]

[Footnote 36:  Polynesian Researches, i. 519.]

[Footnote 37:  1 Kings xviii. 42.]

[Footnote 38:  Carver, pp. 123, 184.]



It has been shown how the doctrine of souls was developed according to the anthropological theory.  The hypothesis as to how souls of the dead were later elevated to the rank of gods, or supplied models after which such gods might be inventively fashioned, will be criticised in a later chapter.  Here it must suffice to say that the conception of a separable surviving soul of a dead man was not only not essential to the savage’s idea of his supreme god, as it seems to me, but would have been wholly inconsistent with that conception.  There exist, however, numerous forms of savage religion in addition to the creed in a Supreme Being, and these contribute their streams to the ocean of faith.  Thus among the kinds of belief which served in the development of Polytheism, was Fetishism, itself an adaptation and extension of the idea of separable souls.  In this regard, like ancestor-worship, it differs from the belief in a Supreme Being, which, as we shall try to demonstrate, is not derived from the theory of ghosts or souls at all.

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