The bibliography that follows is confined to the main question. First of all are given general references, and then follows a list of individual authors and books. Finally, there are special lists on topics on which the study in the present work is most intensive. In a few instances books that are superficial in method or prejudiced in tone have been mentioned as it has seemed necessary to try to consider all shades of opinion even if the expression was not always adequate. On the other hand, not every source mentioned in the footnotes is included, for sometimes these references are merely incidental; and especially does this apply in the case of lectures or magazine articles, some of which were later included in books. Nor is there any reference to works of fiction. These are frequently important, and books of unusual interest are sometimes considered in the body of the work; but in such a study as the present imaginative literature can be hardly more than a secondary and a debatable source of information.
I. General References
(Mainly in Collections, Sets, or Series)
Statutes at Large, being a Collection of all the Laws of Virginia from the first session of the Legislature, in the year 1619, by William Waller Hening. Richmond, 1819-20.
Laws of the State of North Carolina, compiled by Henry Potter, J.L. Taylor, and Bart. Yancey. Raleigh, 1821.
The Statutes at Large of South Carolina, edited by Thomas Cooper. Columbia, 1837.
The Pro-Slavery Argument (as maintained by the most distinguished writers of the Southern states). Charleston, 1852.
Files of such publications as Niles’s Weekly Register, the Genius of Universal Emancipation, the Liberator, and DeBow’s Commercial Review, in the period before the Civil War; and of the Crisis, the Journal of Negro History, the Negro Year-Book, the Virginia Magazine of History, the Review of Reviews, the Literary Digest, the Independent, the Outlook, as well as representative newspapers North and South and weekly Negro newspapers in later years.
Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science (some numbers important for the present work noted below).
Studies in History, Economics, and Public Law edited by the Faculty of Political Science of Columbia University (some numbers important for the present work noted below).
Atlanta University Studies of Negro Problems (for unusually important numbers note DuBois, editor, below, also Bigham).
Occasional Papers of the American Negro Academy (especially note Cromwell in special list No. 1 below and Grimke in No. 3).
Census Reports of the United States; also Publications of the Bureau of Education.
Annual Reports of the General Education Board, the John F. Slater Fund, the Jeanes Fund; reports and pamphlets issued by American Missionary Association, American Baptist Home Mission Society, Freedmen’s Aid Society, etc.; catalogues of representative educational institutions; and a volume “From Servitude to Service” (the Old South lectures on representative educational institutions for the Negro), Boston, 1905.