44. The stories of how Lewis suspected the earl of treachery, and of how the backwoodsmen were so exasperated that they wished to kill the latter, may have some foundation; but are quite as likely to be pure inventions, made up after the Revolutionary war. In De Haas, “The American Pioneer,” etc., can be found all kinds of stories, some even told by members of the Clark and Lewis families, which are meant to criminate Dunmore, but which make such mistakes in chronology—placing the battle of Lexington in the year of the Kanawha fight, asserting that peace was not made till the following spring, etc.—that they must be dismissed offhand as entirely untrustworthy.
45. Stewart’s Narrative.
46. “Am. Archives,” IV. St. Clair’s letter, Dec. 4, 1774. Also Jefferson MSS. Dep. of Wm. Robinson, etc.
47. See De Haas, 162.
48. “Am. Archives,” IV., Vol. I., pp. 1013, 1226.
49. John Gibson, afterwards a general in the army of the United States. See Appendix.
50. Jefferson MSS. Statements of John Gibson, etc.; there is some uncertainty as to whether Logan came up to Gibson at the treaty and drew him aside, or whether the latter went to seek the former in his wigwam.
51. Jefferson Papers (State Department MSS.), 5-1-4. Statement of Col. John Gibson to John Anderson, an Indian trader at Pittsburg, in 1774. Anderson had asked him if he had not himself added somewhat to the speech; he responded that he had not, that it was a literal translation or transcription of Logan’s words.
52. Jefferson MSS. Affidavits of Andrew Rogers, Wm. Russell, and others who were present.
53. Clark’s letter.
54. See De Haas, 167.
55. These are Smith’s estimates, derived largely from Indian sources. They are probably excessive, but not very greatly so.
56. It is difficult to understand why some minor historians consider this war as fruitless.
57. John Hall; it is worth while preserving the name of the ringleader in so brutal and cowardly a butchery. See Stewart’s Narrative.
BOON AND THE SETTLEMENT OF KENTUCKY, 1775.
Lord Dunmore’s war, waged by Americans for the good of America, was the opening act in the drama whereof the closing scene was played at Yorktown. It made possible the twofold character of the Revolutionary war, wherein on the one hand the Americans won by conquest and colonization new lands for their children, and on the other wrought out their national independence of the British king. Save for Lord Dunmore’s war we could not have settled beyond the mountains until after we had ended our quarrel with our kinsfolk across the sea. It so cowed the northern Indians that for two or three years they made no further organized effort to check the white advance. In consequence,