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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 334 pages of information about The Balkans.
a triumphant campaign of one month, in which the Serbs were joined by the Greeks, Bulgaria had to bow to the inevitable.  The Rumanian army had invaded northern Bulgaria, bent on maintaining the Balkan equilibrium and on securing compensation for having observed neutrality during the war of 1912-13, and famine reigned at Sofia.  A conference was arranged at Bucarest, and the treaty of that name was signed there on August 10, 1913.  By the terms of this treaty Serbia retained the whole of northern and central Macedonia, including Monastir and Okhrida, and the famous sandjak of Novi-Pazar was divided between Serbia and Montenegro.  Some districts of east-central Macedonia, which were genuinely Bulgarian, were included in Serbian territory, as Serbia naturally did not wish, after the disquieting and costly experience of June and July 1913, to give the Bulgarians another chance of separating Greek from Serbian territory by a fresh surprise attack, and the further the Bulgarians could be kept from the Vardar river and railway the less likelihood there was of this.  The state of feeling in the Germanic capitals and in Budapest after this ignominious defeat of their protege Bulgaria and after this fresh triumph of the despised and hated Serbians can be imagined.  Bitterly disappointed first at seeing the Turks vanquished by the Balkan League—­their greatest admirers could not even claim that the Turks had had any ‘moral’ victories—­their chagrin, when they saw the Bulgarians trounced by the Serbians, knew no bounds.  That the secretly prepared attack on Serbia by Bulgaria was planned in Vienna and Budapest there is no doubt.  That Bulgaria was justified in feeling disappointment and resentment at the result of the first Balkan War no one denies, but the method chosen to redress its wrongs could only have been suggested by the Germanic school of diplomacy.

In Serbia and Montenegro the result of the two successive Balkan Wars, though these had exhausted the material resources of the two countries, was a justifiable return of national self-confidence and rejoicing such as the people, humiliated and impoverished as it had habitually been by its internal and external troubles, had not known for very many years.  At last Serbia and Montenegro had joined hands.  At last Old Serbia was restored to the free kingdom.  At last Skoplje, the mediaeval capital of Tsar Stephen Du[)s]an, was again in Serbian territory.  At last one of the most important portions of unredeemed Serbia had been reclaimed.  Amongst the Serbs and Croats of Bosnia, Hercegovina, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, and southern Hungary the effect of the Serbian victories was electrifying.  Military prowess had been the one quality with which they, and indeed everybody else, had refused to credit the Serbians of the kingdom, and the triumphs of the valiant Serbian peasant soldiers immediately imparted a heroic glow to the country whose very name, at any rate in central Europe, had become a byword, and a

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