Washington and his colleagues; a chronicle of the rise and fall of federalism eBook

Henry Jones Ford
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 165 pages of information about Washington and his colleagues; a chronicle of the rise and fall of federalism.


Abundant materials are available for the period covered by this work.  Chief among them are the Annals of Congress, the State Papers, and the writings of statesmen to be found in any library index under their names.  The style maintained by Washington early became a subject of party controversy and to this may be attributed a noticeable variation in accounts given by different authors.  For instance, Washington Irving, who as a child witnessed the first inauguration parade, says in his Life of Washington that the President’s coach “was drawn by a single pair of horses.”  But the detailed account given in the New York Packet of May 1, 1789, the day after the ceremony, says that “the President joined the procession in his carriage and four.”  The following authorities may be consulted on the point: 

B.J.  Lossing, article in The Independent, vol. xli, April 25, 1889.

Martha J. Lamb, article in Magazine of American History, vol. xx, December, 1888.

For details of official etiquette during Washington’s administration, the following may be consulted: 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, Diary, from 1789 to 1791.  Edited by B.J.  Lossing (1860).

WILLIAM MACLAY, Journal, 1789-1791 (1890).

GEORGE W. P. CUSTIS, Memoirs of Washington (1859).

JAMES G. WILSON, The Memorial History of New York (1893).

ANNE HOLLINGSWORTH WHARTON, Martha Washington (1897).

Works of special importance for their documentary matter and for their exhibition of the personal aspect of events are: 

J. C. HAMILTON, History of the Republic of the United States, 7 vols. (1860).

H. S. RANDALL, Life of Thomas Jefferson, 3 vols. (1858).

GEORGE GIBBS, Administrations of Washington and John Adams, 2 vols. (1846).

Some economic aspects of the struggle over Hamilton’s financial measures are exhibited by: 

CHARLES A. BEARD, Economic Origins of Jeffersonian Democracy (1915).

New light has been cast upon Genet’s mission, causing a great change in estimates of his character and activities, by materials drawn from the French archives by Professor F.J.  Turner, and presented in the following articles: 

“The Origin of Genet’s Projected Attack on Louisiana and the Floridas,” American Historical Review, vol. iii.

“The Policy of France toward the Mississippi Valley,” American Historical Review, vol. x.

“The Diplomatic Contest for the Mississippi Valley,” Atlantic Monthly, vol. xciii.

Further references will be found appended to the articles on Washington, Hamilton, Jefferson, Madison, Jay, and John Adams in The Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition.


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Washington and his colleagues; a chronicle of the rise and fall of federalism from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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