Washington and his colleagues; a chronicle of the rise and fall of federalism eBook

Henry Jones Ford
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 165 pages of information about Washington and his colleagues; a chronicle of the rise and fall of federalism.
popularity of the Government.  They wish to be hired as volunteers, at two-thirds of a dollar a day to fight the Indians.  They are averse to the regulars.”  By the Act of March 5, 1792, Congress authorized three additional regiments, with the proviso, however, that they “shall be discharged as soon as the United States shall be at peace with the Indian tribes.”  This legislation, nevertheless, was a great practical improvement on the previous act.  General Wayne, who now took command, was fortunately circumstanced in that he was under no pressure to move against the Indians.  Public opinion favored a return to negotiation, so that he had time to get his troops under good discipline.  He did not move the main body of his troops until the summer of 1794, and on August 20, he inflicted a smashing defeat on the Indians, at a place known as the Fallen Timbers, followed up the victory by punitive expeditions to the Indian towns, and burned their houses and crops.  The campaign was a complete success.  The Indians were so humbled by their losses that they sued for peace, and negotiations began which were concluded in the summer of 1795 by the treaty of Greenville, under which the Northwestern tribes ceded an extensive territory to the United States.

It was notorious that the trouble which the American authorities had experienced with the Indians had been largely due to the activity of British agents.  In his report Wayne noted that the destruction effected by his troops included “the houses, stores, and property of Colonel McKee, the British agent, and principal stimulator of the war now existing between the United States and the savages.”  A sharp correspondence took place between Wayne and Major William Campbell, commanding a British post on the Miami.  Campbell protested against the approach of Wayne’s army, “no war existing between Great Britain and America.”  Wayne assented to this statement, and then asked what he meant “by taking post far within the well known and acknowledged limits of the United States.”  Campbell rejoined that he had acted under orders and as to his right, that was a matter which were best left to “the ambassadors of our different nations.”  Campbell refused to obey Wayne’s demand to withdraw, and Wayne ignored Campbell’s threat to fire if he were approached too close.  Wayne reported that the only notice he took of this threat was “by immediately setting fire to and destroying everything within view of the fort, and even under the muzzles of the guns.”  “Had Mr. Campbell carried his threats into execution,” added Wayne, “it is more than probable he would have experienced a storm.”  No collision actually took place at that time but there was created a situation which, unless it were removed by diplomacy, must have eventually brought on war.



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Washington and his colleagues; a chronicle of the rise and fall of federalism from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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