Anabasis eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 339 pages of information about Anabasis.

After this the deputation thanked him and retired, taking with them the two men; then Cleander sacrificed as a preliminary to marching and consorted friendlily with Xenophon, and the two struck up an alliance. 35 When the Spartan saw with what good discipline the men carried out their orders, he was still more anxious to become their leader.  However, in spite of sacrifices repeated on three successive days, the victims steadily remained unfavourable.  So he summoned the generals and said to them:  “The victims smile not on me, they suffer me not to lead you home; but be not out of heart at that.  To you it is given, as it would appear, to bring your men safe home.  Forwards then, and for our part, whenever you come yonder, we will bestow on you as warm a welcome as we may.”

Then the soldiers resolved to make him a present of the public cattle, which he accepted, but again gave back to them.  So he sailed away; but the soldiers made division of the corn which they had collected and of the other captured property, and commenced their homeward march through the territory of the Bithynians.

At first they confined themselves to the main road; but not chancing upon anything whereby they might reach a friendly territory with something in their pockets for themselves, they resolved to turn sharp round, and marched for one day and night in the opposite direction.  By this proceeding they captured many slaves and much small cattle; and on the sixth day reached Chrysopolis in Chalcedonia[2].  Here they halted seven days while they disposed of their booty by sale.

[2] The name should be written “Calchedonia.”  The false form drove out
    the more correct, probably through a mispronunciation, based on a
    wrong derivation, at some date long ago.  The sites of Chrysopolis
    and Calchedon correspond respectively to the modern Scutari and


[In the earlier portion of the narrative will be found a detailed history of the fortunes of the Hellenes during their march up country with Cyrus down to the date of the battle; and, subsequently to his death, until they reached the Euxine; as also of all their doings in their efforts to escape from the Euxine, partly by land marches and partly under sail by sea, until they found themselves outside the mouth of the Black Sea (south of the Bosphorus) at Chrysopolis in Asia.]


At this point Pharnabazus, who was afraid that the army might 1 undertake a campaign against his satrapy, sent to Anaxibius, the Spartan high admiral, who chanced to be in Byzantium, and begged him to convey the army out of Asia, undertaking to comply with his wishes in every respect.  Anaxibius accordingly sent to summon the generals and officers to Byzantium, and promised that the soldiers should not lack pay for service, if they crossed the strait.  The officers said that they would deliberate and return an answer.  Xenophon individually informed them that he was about to quit the army at once, and was only anxious to set sail.  Anaxibius pressed him not to be in so great a hurry:  “Cross over with the rest,” he said, “and then it will be time enough to think about quitting the army.”  This the other undertook to do.

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Anabasis from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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