Forgot your password?  

Resources for students & teachers

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 284 pages of information about Anabasis.

[1] Lit. “{Musos} (Mysus), a Mysian by birth, and {Musos} (Mysus) by
    name.”

III

Now when Cheirisophus did not arrive, and the supply of ships was 1 insufficient, and to get provisions longer was impossible, they resolved to depart.  On board the vessels they embarked the sick, and those above forty years of age, with the boys and women, and all the baggage which the solders were not absolutely forced to take for their own use.  The two eldest generals, Philesius and Sophaenetus, were put in charge, and so the party embarked, while the rest resumed their march, for the road was now completely constructed.  Continuing their march that day and the next, on the third they reached Cerasus, a Hellenic city on the sea, and a colony of Sinope, in the country of the Colchians.  Here they halted ten days, and there was a review and numbering of the troops under arms, when there were found to be eight 3 thousand six hundred men.  So many had escaped; the rest had perished at the hands of the enemy, or by reason of the snow, or else disease.

At this time and place they divided the money accruing from the captives sold, and a tithe selected for Apollo and Artemis of the Ephesians was divided between the generals, each of whom took a portion to guard for the gods, Neon the Asinaean[1] taking on behalf of Cheirisophus.

[1] I.e. of Asine, perhaps the place named in Thuc. iv. 13, 54; vi. 93
    situated on the western side of the Messenian bay.  Strabo,
    however, speaks of another Asine near Gytheum, but possibly means
    Las.  See Arnold’s note to Thuc. iv. 13, and Smith’s “Dict.  Geog.
    (s.v.)”

Out of the portion which fell to Xenophon he caused a dedicatory offering to Apollo to be made and dedicated among the treasures of the Athenians at Delphi[2].  It was inscribed with his own name and that of Proxenus, his friend, who was killed with Clearchus.  The gift for Artemis of the Ephesians was, in the first instance, left behind by him in Asia at the time when he left that part of the world himself with Agesilaus on the march into Boeotia[3].  He left it behind in charge of Megabyzus, the sacristan of the goddess, thinking that the voyage on which he was starting was fraught with danger.  In the event of his coming out of it alive, he charged Megabyzus to restore to him the deposit; but should any evil happen to him, then he was to cause to be made and to dedicate on his behalf to Artemis, whatsoever thing he thought would be pleasing to the goddess.

[2] Cf.  Herod. i. 14; Strabo. ix. 420 for such private treasuries at
    Delphi.

[3] I.e. in the year B.C. 394.  The circumstances under which Agesilaus
    was recalled from Asia, with the details of his march and the
    battle of Coronea, are described by Xenophon in the fourth book of
    the “Hellenica.”

Follow Us on Facebook