History of Julius Caesar eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 157 pages of information about History of Julius Caesar.
their treasuries, and fed their troops, and paid the artisans for fabricating their arms.  With these avails they built the magnificent edifices of Rome, and adorned its environs with sumptuous villas.  As they had the power and the arms in their hands, the peaceful and the industrious had no alternative but to submit.  They went on as well as they could with their labors, bearing patiently every interruption, returning again to till their fields after the desolating march of the army had passed away, and repairing the injuries of violence, and the losses sustained by plunder, without useless repining.  They looked upon an armed government as a necessary and inevitable affliction of humanity, and submitted to its destructive violence as they would submit to an earthquake or a pestilence.  The tillers of the soil manage better in this country at the present day.  They have the power in their own hands, and they watch very narrowly to prevent the organization of such hordes of armed desperadoes as have held the peaceful inhabitants of Europe in terror from the earliest periods down to the present day.

[Sidenote:  Julius Caesar.] [Sidenote:  Sylla’s animosity against him.] [Sidenote:  Caesar refuses to repudiate his wife.] [Sidenote:  His flight.]

When Sylla returned to Rome, and took possession of the supreme power there, in looking over the lists of public men, there was one whom he did not know, at first what to do with.  It was the young Julius Caesar, the subject of this history.  Caesar was, by birth, patrician, having descended from a long line of noble ancestors.  There had been, before his day, a great many Caesars who had held the highest offices of the state, and many of them had been celebrated in history.  He naturally, therefore, belonged to Sylla’s side, as Sylla was the representative of the patrician interest.  But then Caesar had personally been inclined toward the party of Marius.  The elder Marius had married his aunt, and, besides, Caesar himself had married the daughter of Cinna, who had been the most efficient and powerful of Marius’s coadjutors and friends.  Caesar was at this time a very young man, and he was of an ardent and reckless character, though he had, thus far, taken no active part in public affairs.  Sylla overlooked him for a time, but at length was about to put his name on the list of the proscribed.  Some of the nobles, who were friends both of Sylla and of Caesar too, interceded for the young man; Sylla yielded to their request, or, rather, suspended his decision, and sent orders to Caesar to repudiate his wife, the daughter of Cinna.  Her name was Cornelia.  Caesar absolutely refused to repudiate his wife.  He was influenced in this decision partly by affection for Cornelia, and partly by a sort of stern and indomitable insubmissiveness, which formed, from his earliest years, a prominent trait in his character, and which led him, during all his life, to brave every possible danger rather than

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History of Julius Caesar from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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