Mezeray, vol. xi. p. 202. Mercure Francais, 1620-1621.
 Mezeray, vol. xi. pp. 206, 207. Lumieres pour l’Hist. de France. Bernard, book iii.
 Mercure Francais, 1620. Siri, Mem. Rec, vol. v. pp. 135-137. Le Vassor, vol. ii. pp. 212, 213.
 Le Vassor, vol. ii. p. 213. Mezeray, vol. xi. p. 210.
 Le Vassor, vol. ii. pp. 213, 214. Mercure Francais, 1620. Siri, Mem. Rec. vol. v. pp. 139, 140. Mezeray, vol. xi. pp. 210, 211.
 Mercure Francais, 1620. Siri, Mem. Rec. vol. v. pp. 140, 141. Brienne, Mem. vol. i. pp. 342, 343. Bassompierre, Mem. edit. Petitot, vol. ii. pp. 193-199.
 Vie du Duc d’Epernon, book iii. Le Vassor, vol. ii. pp. 216, 217.
 Mercure Francois, 1620.
 Le Vassor, vol. ii. p. 217. Mezeray, vol. xi. pp. 212, 213.
Attempt to secure a cardinal’s hat for Richelieu frustrated by De Luynes—Death of Philip III of Spain—De Luynes is created Connetable de France—Discontent of the great nobles—Disgust of the Marechal de Lesdiguieres—The Protestants of Bearn rise against their oppressors—The royal troops march against them—They are worsted, and despoiled of their fortified places—The King becomes jealous of his favourite—Le Roi Luynes—Domestic dissensions—The favourite is threatened with disgrace—Cruelty of Louis XIII—Death of De Luynes—Louis determines to exterminate the Protestants—A struggle for power—Prudence of Bassompierre—Conde encourages the design of the King—The old ministers are recalled—They join with the Queen-mother in her attempt to conclude a peace with the reformed party—Marie de Medicis solicits a share in the government—The King complies, but refuses to sanction the admission of Richelieu to the Council—The Duchesse de Luynes and Anne of Austria—Frustrated hopes—Conde aspires to the French throne—Louis XIII leaves the capital by stealth in order to join the army at Nantes—The Queen-mother prepares to follow him, but is overtaken by illness—Ruthless persecution of the Protestants—Siege of La Rochelle—Venality of the Protestant leaders—Indignation of the Catholic nobles—Resistance of the citizens of Montpellier—Military incapacity of Conde—The Duc de Rohan negotiates a peace, and Conde retires to Rome—Montpellier opens its gates to the King—Bad faith of Louis XIII—Triumphal entry of the King at Lyons—Marriage of the Marquis de la Valette and Mademoiselle de Verneuil—Richelieu is created a cardinal—Exultation of the Queen-mother—Death of the President Jeannin—Prospects of Richelieu—His duplicity—Misplaced confidence of Marie de Medicis—Louis XIII returns to Paris—Change in the Ministry—Anne of Austria and the Prince of Wales—The Queen-mother and her faction endeavour to accomplish the ruin of