Bassompierre, Mem. vol. iii. p. 12. Le Vassor, vol. vi. p. 542. Siri, Mem. Rec. vol. vii. p. 285.
 Capefigue, vol. iv. pp. 326-331. Sismondi, vol. xxiii. pp. 156, 157.
 MSS. de Bethune, v. cot. 9319.
 Le Vassor, vol. vi. pp. 539-541. Capefigue, vol. iv. pp. 324-332. Sismondi, vol. xxiii. pp. 157, 158.
 Bassompierre, Mem. vol. iii. pp. 280, 281.
 “C’etait son habitude. Il sortait souvent les nuits, quand il allait en aventures amoureuses, ou pour surveiller lui-meme les menees de ses nombreux ennemis.”—Blaisot, Manuscript Memoirs of a Benedictine Monk.
Richelieu interdicts all correspondence between Anne of Austria and the King of Spain—The Queen asks permission to retire to the Val de Grace—Her persecution by the Cardinal—Marie de Medicis protects her interests—Monsieur pledges himself to support her cause—Gaston defies the minister—Alarm of Richelieu—He resolves to effect the exile of the Queen-mother—Monsieur quits the capital—Superstition of Marie de Medicis—An unequal struggle—Father Joseph and his patron—The Queen-mother resolves to accompany her son to Italy—Richelieu assures the King that Marie and Gaston have organized a conspiracy against his life—The Court proceed to Compiegne—The Queen-mother refuses to retain her seat in the Council—Richelieu regains all his influence over the King—Revenge of the Cardinal upon his enemies—Desperate position of Marie de Medicis—Her arrest is determined upon by the Council—Louis leaves her a prisoner at Compiegne—Parting interview of the two Queens—Indignity offered to Anne of Austria—Death of the Princesse de Conti—Indignation of the royal prisoner—A diplomatic correspondence—Two noble gaolers—The royal troops pursue Monsieur—The adherents of Gaston are declared guilty of lese-majeste—Gaston addresses a declaration to the Parliament—The Queen-mother forwards a similar protest, and then appeals to the people—A paper war—The garrison is withdrawn from Compiegne—Marie resolves to effect her escape to the Low Countries—She is assured of the protection of Spain and Germany—The Queen-mother secretly leaves the fortress—She is betrayed by the Marquis de Vardes, and proceeds with all speed to Hainault, pursued by the royal troops—She is received at Mons by the Archduchess Isabella—Whence she addresses a letter to the King to explain the motives of her flight—Reply of Louis XIII—Sympathy of Isabella—The two Princesses proceed to Brussels—Triumphal entry of Marie de Medicis into the capital of Flanders—Renewed hopes of the exiled Queen—The Belgian Ambassador at the French Court—Vindictive counsels of the Cardinal—The property of the Queen-mother and Monsieur is confiscated—They are abandoned by many of their adherents—Richelieu is