Le Vassor, vol. vi. pp. 111-114.
 Capefigue, vol. iv. pp. 280-282.
 Bassompierre, Mem. vol. iii. pp. 235, 236.
 Capefigue, vol. iv. pp. 287, 288.
 Gaston d’Orleans, Mem. pp. 88, 89. Mesdames de Lorraine were related to Charles I., through Mary Queen of Scots, his grandmother, who was the daughter of a Princess of that House.
 Capefigue, vol. iv. pp. 288-298. Mezeray, vol. xi. pp. 370, 371.
 Le Vassor, vol. vi. pp. 252, 253.
 Marie Catherine de la Rochefoucauld, the widow of Henri de Beaufremont, Marquis de Senecay. She died in 1677, at the age of eighty-nine years.
 Marie Madeline de Vignerot, Dame de Comballet, afterwards Duchesse d’Aiguillon.
 Brienne, Mem. vol. ii. pp. 2-4.
 Mercure Francais, 1629.
 Siri, Mem. Rec. vol. vi. pp. 789, 790.
 Le Vassor, vol. vi. pp. 254, 255.
Gaston returns to France—Precarious position of the Frencharmies—Death of the Duke of Savoy—The French besiege Pignerol—Richelieu urges the King to possess himself of the Duchy of Savoy—Marie de Medicis opposes the measure—Louis XIII overruns Savoy—The French lose Mantua—Jules Mazarin—The King is attacked by fever at Lyons—Moral effects of his indisposition—He consents to dismiss the Cardinal from office—Reconciliation of the royal family—The Court return to the capital—Richelieu endeavours to regain the favour of the Queen-mother—Policy of Marie—Richelieu seeks to effect the disgrace of Marillac—The two Queens unite their interests—Meeting of the royal brothers—Gaston inveighs bitterly against the Cardinal—The Queen-mother takes up her abode at the Luxembourg—Louis proceeds in state to bid her welcome—Monsieur publicly affronts Richelieu—A treaty is concluded with Italy—Public rejoicings in Paris—Marie dismisses the Cardinal and his relations from her household—A drama at Court—Richelieu prepares to leave Paris; but is dissuaded, and follows the King to Versailles—Exultation of the citizens at the anticipated overthrow of the Cardinal-minister—The courtiers crowd the Luxembourg—Bassompierre at fault—Triumph of Richelieu—Hypocrisy of the Cardinal—“The Day of Dupes”—A regal minister—The Marillacs are disgraced—Anne of Austria is suspected of maintaining a secret correspondence with Spain—Gaston conspires with the two Queens against Richelieu—Divided state of the French Court—A fete at the Louvre.