Emmanuel de Gondy, Due de Retz, and General of the Galleys, was the grandson of the celebrated Marechal Gilles de Laval, Baron de Retz, who, under Charles VII, greatly contributed to the expulsion of the English from France, but who subsequently suffered strangulation by a decree of the ecclesiastical tribunal of Nantes for his frightful debaucheries. He was the father of the well-known Cardinal de Retz, the enemy of Mazarin, and one of the heroes of the Fronde.
 Richelieu, Hist. de la Mere et du Fils, vol. i. pp. 247-254. Mezeray, vol. xi. pp. 53-55.
 Bassompierre, Mem. pp. 94, 95.
 Henri de Chatiegnier de la Rocheposay.
 In 1598 Henri IV had marched against the Duc de Mercoeur, who still held part of Brittany; and as the Duke found himself, immediately on the appearance of the King, deserted by the nobility of the duchy, he gave himself up for lost. Opposition was of course useless; and he was about to surrender to the royal troops upon the best terms which he could obtain, when he saved himself by a lucky expedient. He was aware of the violent passion still felt by Henry for Gabrielle d’Estrees, and in order to escape the penalty of his rebellion he offered the hand of his only daughter, with the duchies of Estampes, Penthievre, and Mercoeur as her dowry, to the King’s natural son Cesar de Vendome; a proposal which was at once accepted, as the monarch was aware that it would gratify the ambition of his mistress. Subsequently, however, after the death of her father, the family of Mademoiselle de Mercoeur had objected to the alliance, and it had required all the authority of Henry to compel its accomplishment.—Davila, Hist. of Modern Europe, London, 1794, book xv. vol. iii. p. 49.
 Richelieu, Hist. de la Mere et du Fils, vol. i. pp. 260-277. Mezeray, vol. xi. pp. 55-67. Le Vassor, vol. i. pp. 253-261. Brienne, Mem. vol. i. pp. 296, 297, edition Petitot.
 Louis de Bassompierre, who subsequently became Bishop of Saintes.
 Petitot, Avertissement sur M. de Bassompierre.