The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 46 pages of information about The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction.

  It now that gloomy road has pass’d. 
  That road which all must go at last,
    From whence there’s no retreat;
  But evil to you, shades of death,
  For having thus deprived of breath
    A favourite so sweet.

  Oh, shameful deed! oh, hapless bird! 
  My charmer, since its death occurr’d,
    So many tears has shed,
  That her dear eyes, through pain and grief,
  And woe, admitting no relief,
    Alas, are swoln and red.

T.C.

* * * * *

FINE ARTS

* * * * *

GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE.

(For the Mirror.)

The following explanation of a few of the terms employed to designate parts of Gothic architecture, may, perhaps, prove acceptable to some of your readers.  Having felt the need of such assistance in the course of my own reading, &c. &c.—­I extracted them from an expensive work on the subject, and have only to lament that my vocabulary should be so defective.

Buttresses.—­Projections between the windows and at the corners.

Corbel.—­An ornamental projection from the wall to support an arch, niche, beam, or other apparent weight.  It is often a head or part of a figure.

Bands.—­Either small strings around shafts, or horizontal lines of square, round, and other formed panels, used to ornament spires, towers, and similar works.

Cornice.—­The tablet at the top of a wall, running under the battlement.  It becomes a

Basement when at the bottom of it, and beneath this the wall is generally thicker.

Battlement.—­It may be indented or plain; sunk, panelled, or pierced.

Crockets.—­Small bunches of foliage, ornamenting canopies and pinnacles.

Canopies.—­Adorned drip-stones.—­Vide Dripstone.

Crypts.—­Vaulted chapels under some large churches, and a few small ones.

Crisps.—­Small arches; sometimes double-feathered, and according to the number of them in immediate connexion; they are termed tre-foils, quatre-foils, cinque-foils, &c.

Dripstone.—­The tablet running round doors and windows.

Featherings or Foliations.—­Parts of tracery ornamented with small arches and points, are termed Feathered, or Foliated.

Finials.—­Large crockets surmounting canopies and pinnacles.  This term is frequently applied to the whole pinnacle.

Machicolations.—­Projecting battlements, with intervals for discharging missiles on the heads of assailants.

Mullions.—­By these, windows are divided into lights.

Parapet.—­When walls are crowned with a parapet, it is straight at the top.

Pinnacle.—­A small spire, generally four-sided, and placed on the top of buttresses, &c., both exterior and interior.

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The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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