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Henry Murray
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 564 pages of information about Lands of the Slave and the Free.

[Footnote CO:  While on the subject of eggs, I would ask my reader, did you ever, while eating the said article, find your patience sorely tried as each mouthful was being taken from its shell, and dipped carefully into the salt?  If you have ever felt the inconvenience of this tedious process, let me suggest to you a simple remedy.  After opening the egg, and taking out one spoonful, put in enough salt for the whole, and then on the top thereof pour a few drops of water; the saline liquid will pervade the whole nutritious substance, and thus render unnecessary those annoying transits above named, which make an egg as great a nuisance at the breakfast-table as a bore in society.  Who first took out a patent for this dodge I cannot say, but I suppose it must have been a New Englander.]

NOTES.

NOTE I.

Extent of Telegraph in the United Kingdom.

Miles.  Miles of Wire. 
ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH COMPANY.
5,070 Under ground 5,000
Above ground 20,700

MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH COMPANY.
1,740         Under ground                     6,180
Above ground                     4,076
SUBMARINE TELEGRAPH COMPANY.
400         Under ground                     2,740
Above ground                       —­
BRITISH TELEGRAPH COMPANY.
1,000[CP]     Under ground                     2,755
Above ground                     3,218
IRISH TELEGRAPH COMPANY.
88         Under ground                       176
Above ground                       —­
——­                                           ——­
Total  8,298                                  Total  44,845

Of the foregoing, 534 miles are submarine, employing 1100 miles of wire.  The cost of putting up a telegraph was originally 105l. per mile for two wires.  Experience now enables it to be done for 50l., and that in a far more durable and efficient manner than is practised in the United States.  The cost of laying down a submarine telegraph is stated to be about 230l. per mile for six wires, and 110l. for single wires.

One feature in which the telegraphs of Great Britain differ materially from those of America and all other countries, is, the great extent of underground lines.  There are nearly 17,000 miles of wire placed underground in England, the cost of which is six times greater than that of overground lines; but it has the inestimable advantage of being never interrupted by changes of weather or by accidents, while the cost of its maintenance is extremely small.  This fact must be borne in mind, when we come to consider the relative expense of the transmission of messages in England and the States.

In the foregoing lines we have shown, that England possesses, miles of line, 8,298; miles of wire, 44,845; the United States possesses, miles of lines, 16,735; miles of wire, 23,281.

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