Framed by Congress 1776-1777. |Adopted by the states 1777-1781. Articles of |In force March 1, 1781. Confederation —|Kind of government. |Defects. Result of the defects. |Trade convention at Annapolis. \Constitutional convention called.
Proceedings of the convention. |The three compromises. Constitution of |Sources of the Constitution. the United States.-|Original features. |Derived features. | Ratification by the states. \The Constitution in force.
Land claims of seven states. |Demands for the surrender of \ |the western territory. | The Territories. —|The cessions by the states. |—The Public |Ordinance of 1785. | Domain. |Ordinance of 1787. | \Territorial government created.
The President. Manner of electing.
\Inauguration of Washington.
The Congress. Organization of the First
\under the Constitution.
The Supreme Court
The Judiciary. —|The Circuit Court
\The District Court
The Secretaries. —|Secretary of Treasury
|Secretary of War
\Origin of the “Cabinet.”
OUR COUNTRY IN 1790
%185. The States.%—What sort of a country, and what sort of people, was Washington thus chosen to rule over? When, he was elected, the Union was composed of eleven states, for neither Rhode Island nor North Carolina had accepted the Constitution. Vermont had never been a member of the Union, because the Continental Congress would not recognize her as a state.
[Footnote 1: The states ratified the Constitution on the dates given below: 1. Delaware Dec. 7, 1787 2. Pennsylvania Dec. 12, 1787 3. New Jersey Dec. 18, 1787 4. Georgia Jan. 2, 1788 5. Connecticut Jan. 9, 1788 6. Massachusetts Feb. 7, 1788 7. Maryland April 28, 1788 8. South Carolina May 23, 1788 9. New Hampshire June 21, 1788 10. Virginia June 26, 1788 11. New York July 26, 1788 12. North Carolina Nov. 21, 1789 13. Rhode Island May 29, 1790]
[Illustration: The %UNITED STATES% March 4, 1789]
%186. Only a Part inhabited.%—Three fourths of our country was then uninhabited by white men, and almost all the people lived near the seaboard. Had a line been drawn along what was then the frontier, it would (as the map on p. 177 shows) have run along the shore of Maine, across New Hampshire and Vermont to Lake Champlain, then south to the Mohawk valley, then down the Hudson River, and southwestward across Pennsylvania to Pittsburg, then south along the Blue Ridge Mountains to the Altamaha River in Georgia, and by it to the sea. How many people lived here was never known till 1790. The Constitution of