A School History of the United States eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 417 pages of information about A School History of the United States.

Of the Confederates not one was molested, not a soldier was imprisoned, not a political leader suffered death.  Davis was ordered to be imprisoned at Fort Monroe for two years, but he was soon released on bail, was never brought to trial, and died at New Orleans in 1889.

SUMMARY

1.  After the election of Lincoln seven states seceded from the Union, and formed the “Confederate States of America.”

2.  Four other states joined the Confederacy later.

3.  The refusal of the United States to recognize the right to secede led to the refusal to give up Federal forts in Charleston harbor.  The attempt to take Sumter by force led to the appeal to arms.

4.  The line which separated the troops of the two governments ran from Chesapeake Bay, across Virginia, and through Kentucky and Missouri, to New Mexico.

5.  While the Union troops held the Confederates in check on the eastern end of the line, they broke through the line in the West, and, aided by the Union fleet, opened the Mississippi River.

6.  The Confederates were thus driven from the Mississippi and forced back to the mountains of Georgia.  Sherman was sent against them, and in 1864 marched eastward through the heart of the Confederacy to the Atlantic.

7.  Marching north from Savannah, across Georgia and South Carolina, to Goldsboro in North Carolina, he was now in the rear of the Confederate army in Virginia.

8.  Grant, meantime, with the Army of the Potomac, had fought a series of battles with Lee, and had besieged Richmond and Petersburg; and Sheridan had cleared out the Shenandoah valley.

9.  Lee was thus forced, early in 1865, to leave Richmond, and while retreating westward he was forced to surrender.

SECESSION AND THE WAR FOR THE UNION
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--------- The South The North The cotton states secede.  Attempts to compromise.  The Confederacy formed.  Buchanan’s attitude.  A constitution adopted.  The Crittenden Compromise.  Unites States property seized.  A Thirteenth Amendment proposed. ------------------------------------------------------------
----- | | ------------------------------------------ | ------------------------------------------ Buchanan attempts to provision Fort Sumter Star of the West fired on. ------------------------------------------ | ------------------- Lincoln inaugurated. ------------------- | ------------------------------------------ Lincoln attempts to provision Fort Sumter The fort bombarded.  The surrender. ------------------------------------------ | ------------------------------------------------------------
---------- Arkansas, North Carolina, The call to arms.  Virginia, and Tennessee secede.  The march to Washington
Copyrights
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A School History of the United States from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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