A School History of the United States eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 507 pages of information about A School History of the United States.


1.  Between 1830 and 1850 the rush of population into the West continued, but, instead of moving across the continent, most of the people settled in the states already in existence.

2.  This was due to the effect of such improved means of communication as steamboats, railroads, canals, etc.

3.  As a consequence, but six new states were admitted to the Union in twenty-nine years, and one of them was annexed (Texas).

4.  The period is also noticeable for the number of foreigners who came to our shores.

5.  After 1849 the existence of gold in California brought so many people to the Pacific coast that California became a state in 1850.

6.  As population grew denser, and transportation was facilitated by the expansion of railroads and steamboats and canals, business opportunities were increased, and new markets were created.

7.  Labor-saving and time-saving machines and appliances became more in demand than ever, and a long list of remarkable inventions and business aids appeared.

8.  The South, owing to its own peculiar industrial and labor condition, was little benefited by all these improvements, and remained much the same as in 1800.


The People.

Immigration Causes. 
                  Number of immigrants.

No. of people in 1840. 17,000,000
U. S. 1850. 23,000,000
                  1860. 31,000,000

Movement New States Arkansas, 1836.  Slave. 
Westward ..  Michigan, 1837.  Free. 
                                      Florida, 1845.  Slave. 
                                      Texas, 1845.  Slave. 
                                      Iowa, 1846.  Free. 
                                      Wisconsin, 1848.  Free. 
                                      California, 1850.  Free. 
                                      Minnesota, 1858.  Free. 
                                      Oregon, 1859.  Free.

Territories New Mexico, 1850. 
Utah, 1850. 
Washington, 1853. 
Kansas, 1854. 
Nebraska, 1854.

New Social and Business Conveniences.

Paved streets. 
General use of anthracite. 
Free schools. 
Railroad expansion. 
Postage stamps. 
Ocean steamships.

New Inventions.

   Number of patents. 
   The sewing machine. 
   The harvester. 
   The telegraph. 
   India rubber. 
   Atlantic cable.

The South.

   Little affected by new industrial conditions. 
   Few manufactures. 
   Increase of the cotton area. 
   No immigration.

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A School History of the United States from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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