A School History of the United States eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 417 pages of information about A School History of the United States.

9.  In 1850 an attempt is made to settle it by the “Compromise of 1850.”

THE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM OF 1844 CALLED FOR

The reannexation of Texas.

   Texas annexed, August, 1845. 
   Rio Grande asserted as boundary. 
   Disputed territory, Nueces to Rio Grande.

1845-46.  Taylor sent to occupy the disputed territory.
1846.     Attacked by Mexicans.
1846.     War declared by the United States.

The reoccupation of Oregon to 54 deg. 40’.

   Our claims to Oregon. 
   Colonization of Oregon. 
   “Fifty-four forty or fight.” 
   Notice served on Great Britain. 
   The parallel of 49 deg. extended to the Pacific. 
   Oregon a territory (1848).

The Mexican War.

Taylor.

1846.  Wins battles of Palo Alto. 
Resaca de la Palma. 
Matamoras. 
Monterey.
1847.  Buena Vista.

Scott.

1847.  Vera Cruz. 
Cerro Gordo. 
Jalapa. 
Perote. 
Contreras. 
Churubusco. 
Molino del Rey. 
Chapultepec. 
Mexico.

Kearny.

Santa Fe. 
Conquest of New Mexico.

Fremont. 
Stockton.

Conquest of California. 
PEACE 1848.

Territory acquired from 42 deg. to Gila River; from Rio Grande to the Pacific.

Effort to make the territory slave soil.

   1848. The Whigs.

      No platform. 
      Elect Taylor and Fillmore.

1848. The Democrats.

Nothing in platform as to slavery in new territory. 
Defeated, 1848. 
Complaints of the South against the North: 

Popular sovereignty

1.  Fugitive slaves.
2.  Slavery in District of Columbia.
3.  Territory acquired from Mexico to be open to slavery.

Discovery of gold in California, 1848. 
Rush to California. 
The three routes. 
Free state of California, 1849.

Effort to keep the territory free.

The Wilmot Proviso, 1846, 1847. 
The Free-soil party, 1848. 
Demands of the party. 
Defeated in 1848. 
Demand—­
1.  California a free state.
2.  No slavery in District of Columbia.
3.  No more slave states. 
No more slave territories.

Whigs attempt a compromise.

COMPROMISE OF 1850.

1.  California a free state. 2.  Popular sovereignty in territory acquired from Mexico. 3.  No slave trade in District of Columbia. 4.  Texas takes present boundaries. 5.  Two new territories, Utah and New Mexico. 6.  New fugitive-slave law.

CHAPTER XXV

THE TERRITORIES BECOME SLAVE SOIL

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A School History of the United States from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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