Establishment of Navy Department. Creation of a navy. Provisional army. Washington, Lt. Gen. Naval war with France. Alien and Sedition laws. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions. Increased taxation. The direct tax. Fries’s rebellion. Defeat of Adams and election of Jefferson (1800). | ---------------------------- Introduces reforms. Annual message. Buys Louisiana. Exploration of the Northwest.
STRUGGLE FOR “FREE TRADE AND SAILORS’ RIGHTS”
%250. France and Great Britain renew the War.%—The war between France and Great Britain, which had been the cause of the sale of Louisiana to us, began in May, 1803. The United States became again a neutral power, but, as in 1793, was soon once more involved in the disputes of France.
Towards the end of the previous war, Great Britain had so changed her ideas of neutrality that the merchants of the United States, according to her rules,
1. Could trade directly between a port of the United States and the ports of the French West Indies.
2. Could trade directly between the United States and ports in France or Europe.
3. But could not trade directly between a French West India island and France, or a Spanish West India island and Spain, or a Dutch colony and Holland.