History of Modern Philosophy eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 841 pages of information about History of Modern Philosophy.
inbred naturalism of the modern period has not only asserted itself, amalgamated with Kantian elements, in the realistic metaphysics and mechanical psychology of Herbart and in the system of Schopenhauer, as a lateral current by the side of Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel, but, under the influence of the new and powerful development of the natural sciences, has once more confidently risen against the traditions of the idealistic school, although now it is tempered by criticism and concedes to the practical ideals at least a refuge in faith.  The conviction that the rule of neo-Kantianism is provisional does not rest merely on the mutability of human affairs.  The widespread active study of the philosophy of the great Koenigsberger gives ground for the hope that also those elements in it from which the systems of the idealists have proceeded as necessary consequences will again find attention and appreciation.  The perception of the fact that the naturalistico-mechanical view represents only a part, a subordinate part, of the truth will lead to the further truth, that the lower can only be explained by the higher.  We shall also learn more and more to distinguish between the permanent import of the position of fundamental idealism and the particular form which the constructive thinkers have given it; the latter may fall before legitimate assaults, but the former will not be affected by them. The revival of the Fichteo-Hegelian idealism by means of a method which shall do justice to the demands of the time by a closer adherence to experience, by making general use of both the natural and the mental sciences, and by an exact and cautious mode of argument—­this seems to us to be the task of the future.  The most important of the post-Hegelian systems, the system of Lotze, shows that the scientific spirit does not resist reconciliation with idealistic convictions in regard to the highest questions, and the consideration which it on all sides enjoys, that there exists a strong yearning in this direction.  But when a deeply founded need of the time becomes active, it also rouses forces which dedicate themselves to its service and which are equal to the work.


* * * * *


Absolute, the
 Fichte on
 Schelling on
 F. Krause on
 Schleiermacher on
 Hegel on
 Fortlage on
 Spencer on
 Boestrom on
 Strauss on
 Feuerbach on the theistic school on
 Lotze on
 Hartmann on
 See also
 God the Unconditioned
Adamson, R.
Aesthetics of Home (Lord Kames) of Burke of Baumgarten of Herder of Kant of Schiller of Schelling of Hegel of J.F.  Fries of Herbart of Schopenhauer
Agnosticism, of Spencer
Agricola, R.
Agrippa of Nettesheim
Ahrens, H.
Angiulli, A.
Annet, P.
Antal, G. von

Project Gutenberg
History of Modern Philosophy from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
Follow Us on Facebook