The Mental Life of Monkeys and Apes eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 205 pages of information about The Mental Life of Monkeys and Apes.
of live oaks.  This figure gives one an excellent idea of the immediate environment of the laboratory.  Figure 2 of the same plate is a portrait of Julius taken in the latter part of August.  By reason of the heavy growth of hair, he appeared considerably older as well as larger at this time than when the photograph for figure 1 was taken.  In plate II, figure 3, Julius is shown in the woods in the attitude of reaching for a banana, while in figure 4 of the same plate he is represented as walking upright in one of the cages.

Likenesses of Sobke are presented in figures 5 and 6 of plate II.  In the latter of these figures he is shown stretching his mouth, apparently yawning but actually preparing for an attack on another monkey behind the wire screen.  Figure 7 of this plate indicates Skirrl in an interesting attitude of attention and with an obvious lack of self-consciousness.  The same monkey is represented again in figures 8 and 9 of plate II, this time in the act of using hammer and saw.

EXPLANATION OF PLATE II

FIGURE 3.—­Orang utan, Julius, reaching for banana.

FIGURE 4.—­Julius walking across his cage.

FIGURE 5.—­P. rhesus, Sobke.

FIGURE 6.—­Sobke stretching his jaws (yawn?) preparatory to a fight.

FIGURE 7.—­P. irus, Skirrl.

FIGURE 8.—­Skirrl using hammer and nail.

FIGURE 9.—­Skirrl using a saw.

All of the animals except the orang utan had been used more or less for experiments on behavior by Doctor Hamilton, but this prior work in no way interfered with my own investigation.  Doctor Hamilton has accumulated a large mass of the most valuable and interesting observations on the behavior of monkeys, and he more thoroughly understands them than any other observer of whom I have knowledge.  Much to my regret and embarrassment in connection with the present report, he has thus far published only a small portion of his data (Hamilton, 1911, 1914).  In his most recent paper on “A study of sexual tendencies in monkeys and baboons,” he has given important information concerning several of the monkeys which I have observed.  For the convenience of readers who may make use of both his reports and mine, I am designating the animals by the names previously given them by Hamilton.  The available and essential information concerning the individuals is presented below.

List of animals in collection

Skirrl. Pithecus irus.  Adult male.

Sobke. P. rhesus.  Young adult male.

Gertie. P. irus-rhesus.  Female.  Born November, 1910.

Maud. P. rhesus.  Young adult female.

Jimmy II. P. irus.  Adult male.

Scotty. P. irus (?).  Adult male.

Tiny. P. irus-rhesus.  Female.  Born August, 1913.

Chatters. P. irus.  Adult eunuch.

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The Mental Life of Monkeys and Apes from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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