The Mental Life of Monkeys and Apes eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 205 pages of information about The Mental Life of Monkeys and Apes.

PROBLEM 3.  Alternately the first mechanism at the left and the first at the right end of the group

Doors No. of No. of
Settings open doors open right door
1..................5.6.7......................3.............
.....5
2..................5.6.7......................3.............
.....7
3..................1.2.3.4.5.6................6.............
.....1
4..................1.2.3.4.5.6................6.............
.....6
5..................4.5.6.7.8..................5.............
.....4
6..................4.5.6.7.8..................5.............
.....8
7..................2.3.4.5....................4.............
.....2
8..................2.3.4.5....................4.............
.....5
9..................3.4.5.6.7.8.9..............7.............
.....3
10..................3.4.5.6.7.8.9..............7............
......9
—­
Total 50

PROBLEM 4.  Middle mechanism of the group

Doors No. of No. of
Settings open doors open right door
1..................2.3.4......................3.............
.....3
2..................5.6.7.8.9..................5.............
.....7
3..................1.2.3.4.5.6.7..............7.............
.....4
4..................7.8.9......................3.............
.....8
5..................4.5.6.7.8..................5.............
.....6
6..................1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9..........9.............
.....5
7..................1.2.3......................3.............
.....2
8..................2.3.4.5.6..................5.............
.....4
9..................3.4.5.6.7.8.9..............7.............
.....6
10..................6.7.8......................3............
......7
—­
Total 50

It was found desirable after a problem had been solved to present a new and radically different series of settings in order to determine to what extent the subject had learned to choose the correct door by memorizing each particular setting.  These supplementary observations may be known as control experiments, and the settings as supplementary settings.  In case of these, as for the original settings, the essential facts are presented in tabular arrangement.

Settings for Control Experiments

PROBLEM 1.  First at left end

                   Doors No. of No. of
Settings open doors open right door
 1..................2.3.4......................3.......
...........2
 2..................6.7.8.9....................4.......
...........6
 3..................3.4.5......................3.......
...........3
 4..................4.5.6.7.8.9................6.......
...........4
 5..................6.7.8.9....................4..................6
 6..................1.2.3.4.5..................5..................1
 7..................2.3.4.5.6.7.8..............7..................2
 8..................3.4.5.6.7.8................6..................3
 9..................5.6.7......................3..................5
10..................1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9..........9..................1

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The Mental Life of Monkeys and Apes from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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