The Explorers of Australia and their Life-work eBook

Ernest Favenc
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 323 pages of information about The Explorers of Australia and their Life-work.

While in England, he published the first of his maps and books, but his eyesight totally failing him, he retired from the army, July, 1833.  Sturt’s eyesight, although never the same as before, was gradually restored to him, and on September the 21st, 1834, he was married at Dover to Charlotte Greene.

We must now take leave of this distinguished man, until he reappears in these pages as an explorer of Central Australia.*

[Footnote.] See Chapter 12.


[Illustration.  Sir Thomas Mitchell.]

7.1.  Introductory.

Mitchell, whose name both as explorer and Surveyor-General looms large in our history, was born at Craigend, Stirlingshire, in 1792.  He was the son of John Mitchell of Grangemouth, and his mother was a daughter of Alexander Milne of Carron Works.  When he was but sixteen, young Mitchell joined the army of the Peninsula as a volunteer.  Three years later he received a commission in the 95th Regiment or Rifle Brigade.  He was employed on the Quartermaster General’s staff at military sketching; and he was present in the field at Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, the Pyrenees, and St. Sebastian.  After the close of the war he went to Spain and Portugal to survey the battlefields.  He received promotion to a Lieutenancy in 1813.  He served in the 2nd, 54th, and 97th Regiments of foot, and was promoted to be Captain in 1822, and Major in 1826.  His appointment as Surveyor-General of New South Wales, as successor to John Oxley, took place in 1827, when he at once assumed office, and started energetically to lay out and construct roads, then the urgent need of the new colony.

His strong personality, and the energy and thoroughness he displayed in all his undertakings, combined with his many gifts as draughtsman, surveyor and organizer, proved to be of peculiar service to the colony at that period of its existence.  There was a vast unknown country surrounding the settled parts, awaiting both discovery and development, and Mitchell’s inclinations and talents being strongly directed towards geographical discovery, the office of Surveyor-General that he held for so long was the most appropriate and advantageous appointment that could have been given him in the interests of the colony.

At the same time, Major Mitchell had faults which have always detracted from the estimation in which he would otherwise be held for his undoubted capabilities.  His domineering temper led him into acts of injustice, and often made it impossible for him to allow the judgments of others to influence his opinions.  In his view, no other explorer but himself ever achieved anything worthy of commendation or propounded any credible theory regarding the interior of Australia.  He always referred slightingly to Sturt, Cunningham, and Leichhardt, and his perversity on the subject of the junction of the Darling and the Murray drew

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