According to De Faria, this messenger was a bramin,
who left his son
and nephew at Cochin as hostages, and accompanied De Gama to Calicut,
where he carried various messages between the zamorin and the admiral.
—Astl. I. 53. b.
 De Faria says he was accompanied by a caravel.—Astl. 1.53. b.
 The son and nephew of the messenger, according
to De Faria.—Astl. I.
 In addition to the narrative of Castaneda, De
Barros, Maffi, and De
Faria relate, that ambassadors came to De Gama while at Cochin from
the Christian inhabitants in Cranganore and that neighbourhood, who
they said amounted to 30,000. They represented, that they knew he was
an officer of the most Catholic king in Europe, to whom they submitted
themselves; in testimony of which, they delivered into his hands the
rod of justice, of a red colour, tipped with silver at both ends, and
about the length of a sceptre, having three bells at the top. They
complained of being much oppressed by the idolaters; and were
dismissed by De Gama with promises of a powerful and speedy
assistance.—Astl. I. 53. d.
 De Faria alleges that the persons who were appointed
matters relative to trade at this port, differed much upon the price
of spices: on which occasion many threatening messages were sent to
the rajah, who at length through fear complied with all the demands of
the Portuguese. He says that the rajahs of Cochin and Cananor were as
refractory and adverse at first as the zamorin; and that when De Gama
arrived at Cochin, the three princes combined to make him winter there
by fraud, and joined their fleets to destroy him. That on the failure
of this combination, a durable peace was made with Trimumpara; and the
rajah of Cananor, fearing the Portuguese might not return to his port,
sent word to De Gama that he was ready to comply with all his demands,
—Astl. I. 54, a.
 In Castaneda this date is made 1503; but from
consideration of other dates and circumstances in that author, this
must have been a typographical error.—E.
Transactions of the Portuguese in India, from the departure of De Gama in December 1502, to the arrival of Alonzo de Albuquerque in 1503.
As soon as the zamorin was assured of the departure of De Gama for Europe, he determined on putting his threats in execution against the rajah of Cochin, for which purpose he gathered an army at the village of Panani, not far from Cochin. This was soon known to the inhabitants of Cochin, who were exceedingly afraid of the great power of the zamorin, and were much dissatisfied with their sovereign for incurring the displeasure of that prince out of respect to the