A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels — Volume 02 eBook

Robert Kerr (writer)
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 665 pages of information about A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels Volume 02.

[3] This geographical expression is utterly unintelligible, but may be a
    strange mode of denoting its latitude, which is 15 deg.  N. but I know not
    what to make of the thirty leagues towards the south, unless the
    author meant that it was thirty leagues in extent from north to south,
    and seventeen leagues from east to west.—­E.

[4] The description in the text is not applicable to maize, and must refer
    to some species of bean, or kidney-bean.—­E.

[5] Called likewise Maleguette, and named also the Grain-Coast and the
    Pepper-Coast.  Manicongo is obviously the kingdom of Congo.—­E.

[6] Some of this is smuggled and sold in England.—­Clarke.

    This Guinea pepper is probably that now known under the name of
    Jamaica pepper; but the extremely pungent kind must be some of the
    numerous species of capsicums, usually called Cayenne pepper.—­E.

[7] This strange expression seems to imply 4 deg. of north latitude.—­E.

[8] Called likewise Balestriglia, being the Venetian name for the cross-
    staff, or fore-staff, an astronomical instrument which has been
    superseded by the quadrant and sextant.—­E

[9] In an after part of this narrative, the pilot informs us, that his
    first voyage to the island of San Thome was in 1520, and that he made
    five voyages to that place.  If, therefore, the date of his present
    voyage were fixed to 1530, it would carry us back to 1450, or even
    earlier, for the date of this discovery, near thirteen years before
    the death of Don Henry.—­Clarke.

In Mr Clarkes note on this passage, he erroneously calculates on the above data that the discovery might have been in 1460, which is only seventy years back from 1530.  But the result of the data in the text shews, that either the pilot was mistaken as to the real date of the discovery, or that his narrative has been corrupted, so that no reliance can be placed on his dates.—­E.

[10] The direction of Il Principe, or Princes Island, from St Thomas,
    is N. N. E. and the distance does not exceed seventy miles.—­Clarke.

[11] These batatas are probably a different species from our potatoes,
    and may be what are called sweet potatoes in the West Indies; perhaps
    the igname cicorero is the West Indian yam.  Four species of
    igname or batata, are mentioned in Barbot as originally from Benin,
    Anwerre, Mani-Congo, and Saffrance.  The first of these is remarkably
    sweet, and the second keeps well.  A variety of esculent roots might
    prove of high utility to navigators, and are too much neglected.  Among
    these, the parsnip and Jerusalem artichoke deserve notice, as being
    very nutritive, and proof against all weathers.—­Clarke.

SECTION III.

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