the neighbouring tribes or nations; but they have
no cavalry, for want of horses. In war, their
only defensive armour is a large target, made of the
skin of an animal called Danta
, which is very
difficultly pierced; and their principal weapons are
or light darts, which they throw with
great dexterity. These darts are pointed with
iron, the length of a span, and barbed in different
directions, so that they make dangerous wounds, and
tear the flesh extremely when pulled out. They
have also a Moorish weapon, much-bent like a Turkish
sword or cimeter, and made of iron, without any steel,
which they procure from the negroes on the river Gambia,
as they either have no iron in their own country,
or want knowledge or industry in working it.
Having but few weapons, or rather no missiles, their
wars are very bloody, as they soon come to close quarters,
and their strokes seldom fall in vain; and, being
extremely fierce and courageous, they will rather
allow themselves to be slain as save themselves by
flight; neither are they disheartened by seeing their
companions slain. They have no ships, nor had
they ever seen any before the Portuguese came upon
their coast; but those who dwell upon the river Senegal,
and some who are settled on the sea coast, have zoppolies
or canoes, called almadias
by the Portuguese,
which are hollowed out of a single piece of wood, the
largest of which will carry three or four men.
They use these almadias for catching fish, and for
transporting themselves up or down the river.
The negroes of this country are the most expert swimmers
in the world, as I can vouch from frequent experience
of their dexterity.
 Cada Mosto is incorrect in the chronology of this
discovery, and even
de Barros is not quite decided
as to the first discovery of the
Senegal. He says that
Denis Fernandez passed it in 1446, and that
it in 1447; the latter of which is eight years
before the visit of Cada Mosto.—Clarke.
 The northern mouth of the Senegal is in lat. 16
deg. 40’. The southern in
15 deg. 45’, both N.
so that the distance between them, or the length of
the island mentioned in the
text, is about sixty-two miles.—E.
 This fancy of all the great rivers in Africa being
branches from one
principal stream, is now known
to be entirely erroneous.—Astl.
 Although the first kingdom, or kingdoms of the
Negroes lies on the
Senegal, Senega, or Sanaghas,
and others along the Gambia, yet there
were not properly any kingdoms
of these names. On the north, indeed,
of the Sanagha, lay the country
of the Sanhaga, Azanaghi, or Azanhaji,
from whence the river seems
to have taken its name; but was divided
among various tribes of people,
and not under any one sovereign.
Geographers, however, have
since continued to propagate this first