Recapitulation of some circumstances respecting Persia.
The empire of Uzun-Hassan is very extensive, and is bounded by Turkey and Caramania, belonging to the Sultan, and which latter country extends to Aleppo. Uzun-Hassan took the kingdom of Persia from Causa, whom he put to death. The city of Ecbatana, or Tauris, is the usual residence of Uzun-Hassan; Persepolis, or Shiras, which is twenty-four days journey from thence, being the last city of his empire, bordering on the Zagathais, who are the sons of Buzech, sultan of the Tartars, and with whom he is continually at war. On the other side is the country of Media, which is under subjection to Sivansa, who pays a kind of yearly tribute to Uzun-Hassan. It is said that he has likewise some provinces on the other side of the Euphrates, in the neighbourhood of the Turks. The whole country, all the way to Ispahan, six days journey from Persepolis, is exceedingly arid, having very few trees and little water, yet it is fertile in grain and other provisions. The king seemed to me about seventy years of age, of large stature, with a pleasant countenance, and very lean. His eldest son, named Ogurlu Mohamed, was much spoken of when I was in Persia, as he had rebelled against his father. He had other three sons; Khalil Mirza, the elder of these was about thirty-five years old, and had the government of Shiras. Jacub beg, another son of Uzun-Hassan, was about fifteen, and I have forgotten the name of a third son. By one of his wives he had a son named Masubech, or Maksud beg, whom he kept in prison, because he was detected in corresponding with his rebellious brother Ogurlu, and whom he afterwards put to death. According to the best accounts which I received from different persons, the forces of Uzun-Hassan may amount to about 50,000 cavalry, a considerable part of whom are not of much value. It has been reported by some who were present, that at one time he led an army of 40,000 Persians to battle against the Turks, for the purpose of restoring Pirameth to the sovereignty of Karamania, whence he had been expelled by the infidels.
 Uzun-Hassan, as formerly mentioned, was prince
of the Turkmans of the
white sheep tribe, and acquired the dominion of western Persia, by the
defeat of Hassan-ali prince of the black sheep Turkmans, who is
probably the person named Causa in the text.—E.
 This is a mistake, Persepolis is supposed to have
been at, or near
Istakar, above twenty miles N.N.E. from Shiras.—E.
 Diarbekir, with the cities of Arzunjan, Mardin,
Roha, or Orfa, and
Siwas, are said to have been committed by Timour to the government of
Kara Ilug Ozman, the great grandfather of Uzun-Hassan, who may have
retained the original possessions of his tribe after the acquisition
of western Persia.—Mod. Univ. Hist. VI. 111.