1298 Battle of Falkirk 1306
Coronation of Bruce 1314 Battle of Bannockburn
1324 (?) John Wyclif born 1337 Froissart
born (d. 1410?) 1339 Beginning of the Hundred
Years’ War 1346 Battle of Crecy
1347 Rienzi made Tribune of Rome
Edward III took Calais
1348-9 Black Death in England 1348 S. Catherine of Siena born 1356 Battle of Poictiers 1362 First draft of Piers Plowman 1379 Thomas a Kempis born 1381 Wat Tyler’s Rebellion 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer died 1414 Council of Constance 1428 Siege of Orleans 1431 Joan of Arc burnt 1435 (c.) Hans Meinling born 1450 John Gutenburg printed at Mainz
Jack Cade’s Insurrection
1453 Fall of Constantinople 1455 Beginning of the Wars of the Roses 1467 Erasmus born (d. 1528) 1470 (c.) Mabuse born (d. 1555) 1471 Albert Duerer born (d. 1528)
Caxton’s Press established in
1476 Chevalier Bayard born 1482 Hugo van der Goes died 1483 Rabelais born (d. 1553)
Martin Luther born
Murder of the Princes in
1491 Ignatius Loyola born 1492 America discovered by Christopher Columbus 1494 Lucas van Leyden born (d. 1533) 1505 John Knox born (d. 1582) 1509 Calvin born 1516 More’s Utopia published 1519 First Voyage round the world
1519-21 Conquest of Mexico 1520 Field of the Cloth of Gold 1527 Brantome born (d. 1614) 1528 Albert Duerer died 1531-2 Conquest of Peru 1533 Montaigne born (d. 1592) 1535 Henry VIII became Supreme Head of the Church 1537 Sack of Rome 1544 Torquato Tasso born 1553 Edmund Spenser born 1554 Execution of Lady Jane Grey
Sir Philip Sidney born
1555-6 Ridley, Latimer, Cranmer burnt 1558 Calais recaptured by the French 1564 Shakespeare born
 One of Brunelleschi’s devices to bring before the authorities an idea of the dome he projected, was of standing an egg on end, as Columbus is famed for doing, fully twenty years before Columbus was born.
 It was Charles V who said of Giotto’s Campanile that it ought to be kept in a glass case.
 Hence its new name: Loggia de’ Lanzi.
 In the Victoria and Albert Museum at South Kensington are casts of the two Medici on the tombs and also the Madonna and Child. They are in the great gallery of the casts, together with the great David, two of the Julian tomb prisoners, the Bargello tondo and the Brutus.