Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant — Volume 1 eBook

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that my army was more demoralized by victory than the army at Bull Run had been by defeat.  General McClellan, on this information, ordered that I should be relieved from duty and that an investigation should be made into any charges against me.  He even authorized my arrest.  Thus in less than two weeks after the victory at Donelson, the two leading generals in the army were in correspondence as to what disposition should be made of me, and in less than three weeks I was virtually in arrest and without a command.

On the 13th of March I was restored to command, and on the 17th Halleck sent me a copy of an order from the War Department which stated that accounts of my misbehavior had reached Washington and directed him to investigate and report the facts.  He forwarded also a copy of a detailed dispatch from himself to Washington entirely exonerating me; but he did not inform me that it was his own reports that had created all the trouble.  On the contrary, he wrote to me, “Instead of relieving you, I wish you, as soon as your new army is in the field, to assume immediate command, and lead it to new victories.”  In consequence I felt very grateful to him, and supposed it was his interposition that had set me right with the government.  I never knew the truth until General Badeau unearthed the facts in his researches for his history of my campaigns.

General Halleck unquestionably deemed General C. F. Smith a much fitter officer for the command of all the forces in the military district than I was, and, to render him available for such command, desired his promotion to antedate mine and those of the other division commanders.  It is probable that the general opinion was that Smith’s long services in the army and distinguished deeds rendered him the more proper person for such command.  Indeed I was rather inclined to this opinion myself at that time, and would have served as faithfully under Smith as he had done under me.  But this did not justify the dispatches which General Halleck sent to Washington, or his subsequent concealment of them from me when pretending to explain the action of my superiors.

On receipt of the order restoring me to command I proceeded to Savannah on the Tennessee, to which point my troops had advanced.  General Smith was delighted to see me and was unhesitating in his denunciation of the treatment I had received.  He was on a sick bed at the time, from which he never came away alive.  His death was a severe loss to our western army.  His personal courage was unquestioned, his judgment and professional acquirements were unsurpassed, and he had the confidence of those he commanded as well as of those over him.

CHAPTER XXIV.

The army at Pittsburg landing—­injured by A fall—­the Confederate attack
at Shiloh—­the first day’s fight at Shiloh—­general Sherman—­condition
of the army—­close of the first day’s fight—­the second day’s fight
—­retreat and defeat of the confederates.

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Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant — Volume 1 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.