A. STATE ACTION IN INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE
B. IMMEDIATE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THE WAR
1. Foreign trade 2. Unemployment and short time 3. Trade unions, co-operative societies, and distress 4. The new spirit
C. AFTER THE WAR
1. General effects 2. Possible industrial developments 3. Social effects and the new outlook
German culture and the British commonwealth By Alfred E. Zimmern
1. The two issues 2. Culture 3. Culture as A state product 4. German and British ideals of education 5. German and British ideals of civilisation 6. The principle of the commonwealth 7. The future of civilisation 8. The two roads of advance: Inter-state action and common citizenship
The partition of Poland
Europe in 1815
Germany in 1815
Prussia since the accession of Frederick the great
the franco-German frontier
Austria-Hungary: Political divisions
racial and national boundaries in central Europe
“It seems to me that the amount of lawlessness and crime, the amount of waste and futility, the amount of war and war possibility and war danger in the world are just the measure of the present inadequacy of the world’s system of collective organisations to the purpose before them. It follows from this very directly that only one thing can end war on the earth, and that is a subtle mental development, an idea, the development of the idea of the world commonweal in the collective mind.”—H.G. Wells in 1908.
This is a testing time for Democracy. The people of Great Britain and the Dominions, to whom all the world looks as the trustees, together with France and America, of the great democratic tradition, are brought face to face, for the first time, with their full ultimate responsibility as British citizens. Upon the way in which that responsibility is realised and discharged depends the future of the democratic principle, not only in these islands, but throughout the world.