A Selection from the Discourses of Epictetus with the Encheiridion eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 220 pages of information about A Selection from the Discourses of Epictetus with the Encheiridion.


When a raven has croaked inauspiciously, let not the appearance hurry you away with it; but straightway make a distinction in your mind and say, None of these things is signified to me, but either to my poor body, or to my small property, or to my reputation, or to my children, or to my wife:  but to me all significations are auspicious if I choose.  For whatever of these things results, it is in my power to derive benefit from it.


You can be invincible, if you enter into no contest in which it is not in your power to conquer.  Take care then when you observe a man honored before others or possessed of great power or highly esteemed for any reason, not to suppose him happy, and be not carried away by the appearance.  For if the nature of the good is in our power, neither envy nor jealousy will have a place in us.  But you yourself will not wish to be a general or senator ([Greek:  prutanis]) or consul, but a free man:  and there is only one way to this, to despise (care not for) the things which are not in our power.


Remember that it is not he who reviles you or strikes you, who insults you, but it is your opinion about these things as being insulting.  When then a man irritates you, you must know that it is your own opinion which has irritated you.  Therefore especially try not to be carried away by the appearance.  For if you once gain time and delay, you will more easily master yourself.


Let death and exile and every other thing which appears dreadful be daily before your eyes; but most of all death:  and you will never think of anything mean nor will you desire anything extravagantly.


If you desire philosophy, prepare yourself from the beginning to be ridiculed, to expect that many will sneer at you, and say, He has all at once returned to us as a philosopher; and whence does he get this supercilious look for us?  Do you not show a supercilious look; but hold on to the things which seem to you best as one appointed by God to this station.  And remember that if you abide in the same principles, these men who first ridiculed will afterwards admire you; but if you shall have been overpowered by them, you will bring on yourself double ridicule.


If it should ever happen to you to be turned to externals in order to please some person, you must know that you have lost your purpose in life.  Be satisfied then in everything with being a philosopher; and if you wish to seem also to any person to be a philosopher, appear so to yourself, and you will be able to do this.


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A Selection from the Discourses of Epictetus with the Encheiridion from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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