Shankars, Shonkers, or Shongars, are birds of
prey, famous among the
Tartars, and may probably have been the most esteemed species of
falcon, and which are said to have been white.—Astl.
 These silver balishes seem to have come
in place of the paper money
of the emperors of the race of Zingis, formerly mentioned; but its
value is nowhere described.—E.
 This surely must be an error for under garments—E.
 In Forsters account of these travels, the blank
in the text is filled
up with Dzjau, or Tzjau; which he supposes to have been tea, and that
the numbers refer to certain Chinese weights or packages of that
commodity. Forster adds, that small pieces of tin were given to the
ambassadors, to some twenty-four, and to others as far as seventy
pieces; and he says that Witsen left many of the articles enumerated
in the original untranslated, as not understanding the terms.—Forst.
 This is the famous Timur-Beg, or Tamerlane the Great.—Astl.
 In the abstract of these travels, as given by
Forster, this fire is
said to have been caused by lightning.—E.
 It is to be remarked, that the author of these
travels was a Mahometan.
The circumstances of the idol temple, says the editor of Astleys
Collection, seems malicious; as, in his opinion, there are no images
in the imperial temples of Pe-king. I suspect the editor is mistaken;
for however strongly the philosophical sect of Confucius may be
convinced of the absurdity of idolatry, the religion of Fo is as
grossly idolatrous as any on the face of the earth; and it is to be
noticed, that the dynasty then reigning in China was native.—E.
 The emperor died in the same year; but after the
departure of the
 No such name can be found among the cities of
Pe-che-li or Shan-si
In the abstract given by Forster,
this place is called Sekan or
Segaan; named in the maps Sigan-fou, or more properly Si-Ngan-Fou.—E.
 Or Kan-chew, in the province of Shen-si; otherwise
called Kam-tsiu, or
Kan-tcheou, on the river Etchine.—Forst.
 This name is probably erroneously substituted
for Sou-chew; as that is
the regular station for retracing their former journey, which the text
distinctly indicates to have been the case hitherto.—E.
 This month began on Thursday the twenty-fifth December, 1421.—Astl.
According to Forster, they
recommenced their journey in the month of
 Probably taking their route by the lake of Lop,
to the south of Little
 Called likewise Koton, Khateen, and Hotam, in
Little Bucharia, or